World History and International Relations

Georgia in the Turkish «Soft Power» Policy Context on the Cusp of Centuries

The article discusses the «Soft Power» policy of Turkey towards Georgia on the cusp of the 20th and 21st centuries. The author analyzes the main tools and forms of this policy implementation in the humanitarian sphere, outlines its terms and historical context. The study draws conclusions concerning the cooperation nature and prospects for Turkish «Soft Power» applying in Georgia.

B. Obama’s «Fragile Consensus» and the Future of the New START Treaty

The article is devoted to the study of the most probable variants of developments around the New START Treaty, through which various groups of the American ruling elite are trying to achieve their global strategic goals. Special attention is paid to the study of the factor of inter-party interaction, which predetermined the achievement of a «fragile consensus» between the Republican and Democratic parties on the issue of complementarity of the program of modernization of nuclear triad and arms control process.

Approaches of G. Bush-senior and B. Clinton Administrations to the Problem of Nuclear Disarmament of Ukraine in the Period of 1992–1996

The article analyzes the approaches of G. Bush-senior and B. Clinton administrations to the problem of nuclear disarmament of Ukraine in the period of 1992–1996. The author studies the features of the negotiation process in the context of the goals and objectives of the United States. Based on an analysis of the texts of agreements, American and Ukrainian policy documents, expert assessments and memoirs of statesmen, the author comes to the conclusion that the nuclear disarmament of Ukraine was one of the key issues of both administrations during the indicated period. 

African-American Civil Rights Protection Activity of Booker T. Washington (The Late XIX – Early XX Centuries)

The article is devoted to the analysis of the activities of the AfricanAmerican leader of the XIX–XX centuries – Booker T. Washington (1856–1915) aimed to protect the civil and political rights of the Black American population. A well-known public person, B. T. Washington promoted his accommodation policy based on the interracial compromise. Its goal was the temporary renunciation by the African-Americans of the political and social equality in the Southern states in order to achieve the material progress. Publicly declaring the need to adapt to the prevailing social order in the South, B.

The Freemasons: Mystics, Enlighteners, Revolutionaries

The focus of the author are the events of the European Masonic movement in the XVII – XVIIIth centuries. Analysis of sources helped to illuminate the causes the course of the reform of “old masonry” in Britain in the Modern history. It is shown that the change agents were the intellectuals, members of the Royal Society. Their aim was wide-ranging reforms society in the spirit of the concepts of the Enlightenment. As the author proves, new Grand Lodge actively exported their practices to Europe and North American colonies.

“Music of the Spheres”: the Order of the Elizabeth Tudor’s Coronation Banquet

The coronation royal banquet of Elizabeth Tudor was held in Westminster Hall on 15 January 1559. The theatrical staging of the royal feasting involves the ritual complex of the medieval coronation and the ritual’s renovation of the sixteenth century. The article focuses on the traditions of the processions, tournaments and structural conversion of the ceremonial atmosphere. The context of the social and political conflicts of the sixteenth century influences the ritual genesis of the Elizabeth Tudor’s coronation feasting. Keywords: Elizabeth Tudor, English 

The Role of Salman Reis in the Ottoman Conquests in the Red Sea Area

The article is devoted to the Ottoman naval commander Salman Reis who took part in several expeditions of the Mamluk Sultanate against Portugal. It is shown that in 1525, after an inspection of the fleet in Jeddah, he prepared a report on the political and economic situation in the Red Sea area and the Indian ocean. The Ottoman authorities used this report as a program for the expansion of the Empire in the region.

The Town and Monastery in Medieval Bohemia (X–XIII Centuries)

The article discusses the interaction of the two most important institutions of medieval society – the town and monastery in the Bohemia of X–XIII centuries, the peculiarities of this interaction during a specified period. Particular attention is paid to the XIII century, during which the Czech society, including the city and the Church, underwent significant changes, and the political, legal and socioeconomic system of the Bohemia approached the Western European model of medieval development.

Socio-Economic, Political, Cultural and Religious Development of Japan at the Turn of the 6th–7th Centuries by the Shōtoku Constitution

The paper focuses on the article-by-article analysis of the Shōtoku Constitution, where information about the political system, social structure, cultural and religious climate in Japan at the turn of the 6th-7th centuries is presented. The author pays attention to borrowing from Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism, which is included in the document.

Azerbaijani-Turkish Economic Cooperation: Formation and Main Directions of Development (1992–2010)

The article is devoted to the analysis of the main directions of development of economic cooperation between Azerbaijan and Turkey in the post-Soviet period (1992–2010). The author considers the legal basis of Azerbaijani-Turkish economic relations, and the impact of bilateral treaties on the growth and dynamics of economic indicators. A detailed analysis of the importance of the countries in social and economic life of each other is presented.