Russian History

Development Trends and Geography of Industry of Dagestan in the 1990s–2010s

Common features and peculiarities in different industries in the region during the crisis, changes in the territorial allocation and sectoral industries in Dagestan from the 1990s to 2010 are shown. As it is stressed in the article, despite serious unresolved problems the authorities of the republic (during the analyzed period) with active material and other support from the federal center, carried out purposeful work to overcome difficulties and unresolved problems in industries and ensure their sustainable development.

Supply of Meat Products to the Front during the First World War: Harvesting Cattle for the Army

The article is devoted to the problem of cattle harvesting for the Russian army during the First World War of 1914–1918. Supplies to the front played an important part in Russian defense capability. Therefore, the government and first of all, the Ministry of Agriculture, which was responsible for the food issues, made great effort to use the livestock fund of the country reasonably. Regional distribution of livestock supplies for the army, involvement of the county, and reduction of meat consumption at the home front – all served to achieve victory in the world conflict.

Russia’s Influence on the Relationship between the Zapoorozhian Sich and the Hetmanate

The article highlights political confrontation between the Hetmanate and the Zapoorozhian Sich and an important role of Russian diplomacy, which sought to limit the autonomy of Ukraine. The author shows that political orientation of the hetmans could vary depending on the political environment. The Russian government skillfully used contra- dictions between different political forces and Moscow diplomats in order to eliminate the Hetmanate autonomy. A Cossack leader was granted the rights of the Russian nobility, and ordinary Cossacks ac- quired the status of peasants.

Involvement of Garrison Soldiers into Construction Works in Kronstadt and St. Petersburg in the 1710s and 1720s

The article deals with the question of involving soldiers of garrison regiments to build fortifications in St. Petersburg and Kronstadt in the first third of the 18th century. Soldiers were recruited on the island of Kotlin in the 1710s, when large-scale construction works were launched there. The service- men did not perform hard tasks. Their number, compared with the total number of working people at that time was small. At that time recruitment of soldiers, most likely, was associated with secrecy as they were involved wherever ordinary workers did not want to be admitted.

События в Алма-Ате в декабре 1986 г.: первый ультиматум национальных элит Центру

В статье анализируется роль этноэлит в период нарастания дезинтеграционных процессов в СССР периода перестройки, приведших к распаду единого государства. Исследуются события в Казахстане в декабре 1986 г., их роль в консолидации республиканской партийной элиты, направившей свои усилия на создание этнократического режима и достижение независимости от союзного Центра. Делается вывод о мобилизующем значении этнонационализма как мощного оружия в борьбе за контроль над республиканскими ресурсами, собственностью и властью.

Советская историография 1930 – середины 1960-х годов о роли России в Антанте (к истории тезиса о полуколониальной зависимости России от союзников)

В статье анализируется проблема изучения роли России в Антанте советскими историками 1930 – середины 1960-х гг. Идеологической установкой для исследователей вплоть до 1956 г. являлся тезис о полуколониальной зависимости России от союзников, сформулированный И. В. Сталиным и закрепленный в книге «История ВКП (б). Краткий курс». Тезис отражал историографическую ситуацию своего времени, но не имел конкретного содержания.

В. А. Пыпина: «Отец и мать в моем уме и сердце»

В статье исследуется проблема формирования личности старшей дочери академика А. Н. Пыпина – Веры Александровны. Автор на основе анализа многочисленных и разнообразных архивных источников и исследовательской литературы определяет характерные особенности воспитания в семье Пыпиных, позволившие Вере Александровне стать высококультурной, широко образованной и целеустремленной личностью, посвятившей себя культурно-просветительской и общественно-благотворительной деятельности в тяжелое для страны время.

Латышки Василия Ржевского. Опыт комментирования одного завещания

Статья посвящена изучению сведений завещаний об истории плена и работорговли в Московском государстве времен Ливонской войны и эвристическому значению этой группы источников. Анализируется стратегия упоминания в завещании В. М. Ржевского своих служб. Выявлена фальсификация, которая позволяет говорить о «местнической ментальности».

Soviet-American Contacts in the Military sphere in Conditions of Diplomatic non-recognition

In the article on some characteristic examples the theory and practice of modernization and improvement of the defense industry of the USSR using the experience of the USA in 1920s containing a number of decisions and actions are considered. The analysis of actions of the firm «Amtorg» which for many years, while the USA did not recognize the USSR, was an Embassy, a trade mission and a commercial enterprise is carried out. The author characterizes the barriers to the establishment of Soviet-American diplomatic relations.

The Ideas about Russian-turkish Rapprochement in the Views and Correspondence between I. Gasprinskiy and M. O. Menshikov

In the present paper we analyze the correspondence in 1908 between two prominent Russian publicists at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries Ismail Gasprinsky and Mikhail Menshikov in the context of intensification of the military and political crisis in Europe and the unresolved «Eastern question». Furthermore, we compare their views on the necessity to form a Russian-Turkish political union.