Russian History

The problem of the continuity of state financial and economic policy in the era of Nicholas II: Witte, Kokovtsov, Bark

The object of study is the principles of state economic policy during the reign of Nicholas II. The views and activities of finance ministers S. Yu. Witte, V. N. Kokovtsov and P. L. Bark are considered. The author analyzes the reasons and essence of changes in the economic priorities of the state. During this period, the policy of the Ministry of Finance was characterized by serious fluctuations caused by objective and subjective circumstances.

«Eastern agreement» of Ismail Gasprinsky: The formation of an early Eurasian concept (1880–1890s)

The article is devoted to the formation of the Eurasian intellectual tendency in Russia – based on the material of the Turkic social thought. The views of the Turkic-Muslim leader Ismail Gasprinsky are reconstructed. His ideas about the rapprochement between Russia and Turkey, about a potential «Eastern agreement» with the participation of Russia, Turkey, Persia and the Balkan states are shown. It is concluded that the idea of an «Eastern agreement» is (in terms of content and meaning) an early Eurasian/pro-Eurasian concept.

The service of N. F. Annensky in the zemstvo

Zemstvo officials occupied a prominent place in the social life of Russia in the post-reform period. Many of them participated in the populist movement in the 1870s, but for various reasons they left it and devoted themselves entirely to the zemstvo service, the reby obtaining the opportunity to legally study the way of life, culture, labour activities of peasants and to defend their interests before the landlords, gubernia and uyezd administrations. N. F. Annensky was one of these devotees.

Сharles XII at Narva in autumn 1700: Testimonies from his confidants

The Narva campaign of Charles XII and the victory of the Swedish army over the Russian army in the Battle of Narva on November 19, 1700, was the greatest success of Charles XII and, at the same time, the gravest defeat of Peter I in The Great Northern War (1700–1721). This explains the long-standing and close attention of historians to the role of the young Swedish king in the «greatest victory over the Russians».

German cultural policy and propaganda in the territory of the General district of Belarus in 1941–1944

The article deals with the problem of policy and propaganda in the field of culture of the German civil administration in the territory of the General District of Belarus. The aim of the research is to analyze the content of German propaganda materials in the field of culture, to determine its main directions, goals and effectiveness, as well as the content of the real occupation policy in the field of culture. Research methods-analysis and synthesis are applied in the article.

Relations between the Russian and Constantinople Orthodox Churches in the XX century

 The article examines the relations between the two Orthodox churches, each of which occupies a specific place in world Orthodoxy, at a crucial historical period for both of them, using factual material and its analysis in political, canonical and spiritual dimensions. It is concluded that political and situational expediency cannot justify a departure from the essence of Orthodoxy both in inter-Orthodox relations and in the activities of its hierarchs.

«Russia shall remain the great power…». To the 100th anniversary of the collection of articles by N. V. Ustryalov «In the struggle for Russia»

The article focuses on the important document of Russian political journalism of the era of the revolution and civil confrontation in Russia. For the first time in Russian historiography, the author explores the environment of the appearance of the collection of the articles called «In the struggle for Russia», analyzes its problems, emphasizes author’s «reconciliatory» ideology, reveals its influence on the socio-political life of the Russian emigration and the Soviet Republic, and points out the author’s interpretations and assessments for the contemporary Russian society

Policing for security of Fire Safety in Ural (1862–1917)

The article examines the policing to prevent and extinguish fires in the second half of the 19th – early 20th centuries in the Ural provinces. Based on archival documents, materials from periodicals and regulatory legal acts, it demonstrates the place of control over fire safety in the general structure of administrative and supervisory functions of the Ural police. The conclusions is made that the institute of country police officers occupied an important place in fire prevention activities, and the police assumed leadership functions in the process of extinguishing fires.

Methodological and source problems of studying the daily life of employees of the Central office of the Soviet military administration in Germany

The article is devoted to the analysis of methodological and source-related difficulties faced by researchers of everyday life of employees of the Soviet military administration in Germany. The main attention is paid to the historiographical prerequisites for addressing this topic, the object of study, the features of various sources and the problem of «searching» for everyday life in them.

Power and the Church during the period of collectivization in the Moscow region

The article highlights the relationships between the Soviet state and the Russian Orthodox Church (hereinafter referred to as the «Russian Orthodox Church») in the late 1920s and early 1930s, during the period of collectivization of the villages, which was accompanied by the destruction of traditional life, a dramatic violation of the usual way of life. The focus is on the policy of attacking the Russian Orthodox Church, expressed in the closure of churches and monasteries, militant atheism and repressive measures against priests.