Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)

Отечественная история

Политика привлечения иностранного предпринимательского капитала С. Ю. Витте в англо-американской историографии

В статье показано, что политика привлечения иностранных инвестиций С. Ю. Витте стала вызывать существенный интерес исследователей только во второй половине 20 века, когда были предприняты попытки преодолеть тоталитарную модель в изучении российской истории. До этого подавляющая часть внимания уделялась вопросам проведения индустриализации в отсталой стране усилиями только одной деспотической центральной власти. К 1960-1970-м годам исследователи начинают обнаруживать новые факторы, которые участвовали в развитии общества. Среди них был иностранный капитал.

Key aspects of military everyday life of tank soldiers during the Great PatrioticWar (On the example of the 50th and 51st tank brigades)

The article deals with such aspects ofmilitary everyday life ofthe 50th and 51sttank brigades duringthe Great Patriotic War as problems of nutrition, clothing allowance, sanitary and hygienic conditions and housing. The source base of the study was the documents of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, methodological manuals, as well as memories of veterans. The conclusion about the importance of solving these issues in a comfortable, as far as possible, arrangement of life for tank soldiers is formulated.

On the threshold of the Great Terror: Deacon of the Old Believers Ivan Afanasievich Vlasov and the case of the Moscow Neocircular Old Believers clergy of 1937

The article examines the mechanism of political repression against believers by the example of the case of the Moscow neocircular Old Believer clergy. The central figure of the article is the deacon of the Old Believers prayer Ivan Afanasievich Vlasov as a characteristic type of clergyman of the 1930s, a peasant by origin, who was arrested during collectivization, but did not change his faith.

The problem of the gold and foreign exchange reserves of the Soviet state in the 1920–1930s

The article clarifiesthe gold andforeign exchange capabilities ofthe Soviet state, analyzesthe process offormation and use bythe Soviet government of gold-platinum funds of the state budget. On the basis of archival material, the state of the gold reserve, sources of replenishment, and the expenditure of foreign exchange resources are analyzed. The ways of accumulation and export of precious metals from the country, creation of public finances and maneuvering with the available resource are revealed.

In memoriam. Professor K. A. Koperzhinsky: “My father was first a teacher of ancient languages, then he became a priest”

This article presents the results of a study that made it possible to specify not only little-known facts from the history of Professor K. A. Koperzhinsky’s family but also those social and historical circumstances that led to the appearance of the clichéd formulation “my father was first a teacher, then he became a priest” in the autobiographical questionnaires of the post-revolutionary period.

The concept of “brutalization” of society and its possibilities for analyzing the Great Russian Revolution

The article analyzesforeign historiography onthe problem of “brutalization” of society afterthe First World War. In particular,the works of historians of Western European universities, which do not have publications in Russian, are considered. The author attempts to correlate the conclusions of foreign researchers about the impact of the First World War on the “coarsening” of European society with the events that took place in Russia after 1917.

N. A. Milyutin’s “Comments” on the article “Aristocracy and the interests of the nobility”

N. A. Milyutin’s “Comments” on the article “Aristocracy and the interests of the nobility. Thoughts and remarks on the peasant issue” by V. P. Bezobrazov reveal an under-reported episode of government policy in the field of the press during the development of peasant and local selfgovernment reforms. Consideration of V. P.

Description of the Kolomna Diocese of 1701–1702 according to the data of assault, litter and paper clips in the census books

The article aims to find out how the census of 1701–1703 took place in the Kolomna diocese and to establish who took part in the practical conduct of the census events organized by the Monastery Order during the initial stage of the church reform of Peter I. The main attention is paid to the study of entries on the sheets of the census books of the Kolomna Episcopal House and monasteries of the Kolomna diocese.

Nikita Petrovich Villebois: two versions of biography

This article is devoted to one of the most mysterious and notorious sources on history of Peter I’s times. It is so called «Villebois’s memoirs». The author compares «autobiographic» story of the «memoir» with the real biography of the French at the Russian service Nikita Petrovich Villebois (1674–1760) and comes to the conclusion, that Villebois couldn’t write the memoir himself. The «autobiographic» part of «Villebois memoirs» is to be published in Russian for the first time. 

Russian-turkish war of 18771878. in a poetic publicism

The article discusses a number of poetry written on the topic of Balkan crisis of the 70's. XIX century. and the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878. Examines the views of commentators on the causes and course of the war with the Ottoman Empire, shows the impact on the poetic journalism critical of public sentiment