Russian History

The Image of the Ally and the Practice of Interaction with Representatives of the Union Administrations in the Daily Life of SMAG Employees in 1945–1949

The article examines how during the occupation of Germany after World War II, employees of the Soviet military administration interacted with former allies in the anti-Hitler coalition. Based on memories of the employees, various images of allies were identified. The author comes to the inference that the practices of interaction between Soviet employees and representatives of the allied administrations depended on the logic of the Cold war development.

Migrants to the Post-Deportation Territories of the Volga Region, North Caucasus and Crimea in the 1940s: Ethnic Appearance and Social Portrait

The article analyzes the ethnic appearance and social portrait of immigrants to the post-deportation territories of the Volga region, the North Caucasus and the Crimea in the 1940s. It is proved that mostly Russians and Ukrainians moved to the settlements that were deserted after deportation. The conclusion is made about the successful adaptation of the majority of immigrants to new living conditions.

Soviet Historiography of the Medieval Lithuanian Past

The article deals with the process of organization and development of the study of the history of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Soviet Union. The author considers the fate of pre-revolutionary historians, experts in Lithuanian history, who were forced to either emigrate or change the field of research. The article presents the analysis of the first works of Soviet scholars concerning the Lithuanian Middle Ages. It also examines the contribution of Vladimir I. Picheta and Vladimir T. Pashuto to the organization of Soviet Lithuanistics.

Features of the Protection of the Military Rear in the Initial Period of the Great Patriotic War

Based on the analysis of historical literature and archival sources, the article examines the service and combat activities of the troops of the NKVD of the USSR for the protection of the rear in 1941. The features of the rear protection system during the period of reforming state structures and the restructuring of their activities in wartime are considered. A generalized analysis of misunderstandings and contradictions on the staffing, subordination and use of rear guard units in a combat situation is carried out.

Alexander Ugrimov – Russian Hero of the French Resistance: «I Walked on a Tightrope over an Abyss…»

The article examines the activities of French Resistance units in the occupied territory of France during the world war II. The author explores the little-known pages of the durdan Resistance group’s activities through the prism of perception of the events of those years and by the example of the fate of one of the active participants and leaders of the anti – fascist movement-a Russian emigrant of the first wave, Alexander Alexandrovich Ugrimov.

Olga Aleksandrovna Shleisner-Natanson: Life and Revolutionary Activity

The work is dedicated to the life and work of Olga Aleksandrovna Shleisner – the daughter of a retired officer, landowner of the Oryol province, who became a member of one of the populist circles, and then the wife of M. A. Nathanson. She played a very important role in the formation of the first populist organizations, while she spent most of her life under police supervision and in custody. To compile her biography, documentary materials of the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Justice were used.

Archaeological and Ethnographic Hobbies of F. N. Glinka in the Context of His «Active Life»

The article is devoted to F. N. Glinka’s archaeological and ethnographic interests and research related to his interest in Russian history, his position as an educator, and his desire to be useful to society. The author focuses on Glinka’s local history journey of 1810–1811, his scientific and educational activities as Chairman of the Free society of admirers of Russian literature, folklore and ethnographic studies during the Petrozavodsk exile, archaeological research on the territory of Tver Karelia, and their poetic and scientific interpretation.

The Imperial Court of Catherine the Great as an Instrument of State Elite Formation

The article is devoted to the role of the imperial court in the «personnel reserve» formation for high governmental and military posts during the reign period of Catherine the Great. Comparative study of courtier’s and Page Corps graduates career development was held for this research by the means of two specially created prosopographical databases. The obtained results give us an opportunity to evaluate the impact of a court rank granting on the nobles career development and on receiving an appointment to the important governmental and military posts.

Portrait of the Soviet German-Labor Army Servisemаn of Time of the Great Patriotic War

The author explores the problems of labor use of Soviet Germans during the Great Patriotic War. During the last months of 1941 – the whole 1942. Soviet Germans, men aged 15–55 and women aged 16–45 were mobilized through military commissariats into the labor detachments, which later received the general name «Labor Army». The peculiarity of these formations was that, carrying out a variety of production activities, they were of military organization, and the camp regime of detention, that is, Soviet Germans in the detachments practically had the status of prisoners.

Captured Trumpet Banners of the 2nd (Dutch) Chevauleger-Lancer Regiment of the Imperial Guard: Classification, History, Reconstruction

Our article is based on eye-witness accounts and archive documents and depicts history of capture of banners of the 2nd (Dutch) chevauleger-lancer regiment of the Imperial Guard during the second period of Russian campaign in 1812. On the one hand, the author uses these trophies samples to recreate collective portrait of the regiment of the Imperial Guard. On the other hand, the author reconstructs the banner of a staff-trumpeter. As a result of this research we can specify the appearance of one of the main emblems of power of the 1st Empire in this regiment.