Russian History

Portrait of the Soviet German-Labor Army Servisemаn of Time of the Great Patriotic War

The author explores the problems of labor use of Soviet Germans during the Great Patriotic War. During the last months of 1941 – the whole 1942. Soviet Germans, men aged 15–55 and women aged 16–45 were mobilized through military commissariats into the labor detachments, which later received the general name «Labor Army». The peculiarity of these formations was that, carrying out a variety of production activities, they were of military organization, and the camp regime of detention, that is, Soviet Germans in the detachments practically had the status of prisoners.

Captured Trumpet Banners of the 2nd (Dutch) Chevauleger-Lancer Regiment of the Imperial Guard: Classification, History, Reconstruction

Our article is based on eye-witness accounts and archive documents and depicts history of capture of banners of the 2nd (Dutch) chevauleger-lancer regiment of the Imperial Guard during the second period of Russian campaign in 1812. On the one hand, the author uses these trophies samples to recreate collective portrait of the regiment of the Imperial Guard. On the other hand, the author reconstructs the banner of a staff-trumpeter. As a result of this research we can specify the appearance of one of the main emblems of power of the 1st Empire in this regiment. 

Agreements on the Exchange of Prisoners (Cartels) in the Military History of Russia

The article examines Russian participation in such institutionalized form of prisoner of war exchange as cartels. The author reveals a complex and contradictory mechanism for the formulation and implementation of the cartel; analyzes its advantages and disadvantages in the context of domestic and, in part, foreign experience; comes to the conclusion that under certain circumstances the cartel can be used in the course of modern armed conflicts of both international and domestic character.

«On the Battles they Fought, not Sparing their Own Heads…» (The Experience of Reconstructing the History of the 18th Moscow Strelets Regiment)

The article is devoted to the reconstruction of the military history of one of the oldest regiments of the strelets garrison of Moscow, the establishment of which in 1550 marked the beginning of the history of the strelets army. The reconstruction was based on the latest archival data, to some extent, compensating for irretrievably lost documents from the archive of the Streletsky prikaz. The presented material is a historical background, allowing to reveal the little-studied issues of the organization of the strelets service in the XVII century.

Some Source Research Problems of Studying the Monastery Development of the Southern Middle Volga Region in the Second Half of the XVII Century

The article considers the source research problems of studying the development of the Southern Middle Volga by the largest central monasteries in Russia. It is concluded that despite the loss of the sources stored in the order of the Kazan Palace, the revealed archival materials make it possible to reconstruct the features of the formation of a large commercial and industrial-agricultural complex. Its production capabilities played an important role in the economic development of Russia in the second half of the XVII century.

The Collapse of the USSR and the Creation of a New System of Interethnic Relations in the Russian Federation in the 1990s

The article analyzes the specifics of interethnic relations in Russia after the collapse of the USSR in the 1990s. The process of institutionalization of the national policy of the Russian Federation is investigated. The main directions of reforming the «Asymmetric Federation» are considered. The question of formation of the civil nation «the Russian people» is studied.

Peculiarities of Organization of Anti-Tank Defense in the Malgоbek Defense Operation

The article is devoted to the analysis of the prerequisites, the main mechanisms, the results and the consequences of the Soviet anti-tank defense actions during the Malgobek defensive operation in 1942. The article indicates that the widespread use of tank and motorized formations in the direction of the main strike during the Malgobek defensive operation put the need for the speediest possible effective organization of anti-tank defense on the agenda.

The Soviet Policy Towards the Former Tsarist Concessions in Iran (1921–1927): Regional and International Contexts

The article deals with the Soviet policy towards the former tsarist concessions in Iran in 1921-27. Despite the renunciation of the former tsarist concessions in Iran, the Soviet leadership de facto tried to control the disposal of the strategically most important of them: either through legal instruments or by force. The analysis of the existing sources on the problem demonstrates that at the heart of the policy there were the strategic interests of the Soviet state. The interests were related to the security of the Soviet southern borders, primarily in the Caspian region.

Establishment of the Ryazan Provincial Prison Inspectorate and the Activities of its Leaders in 1912–1916

The article considers the process of introduction of the Institute of provincial prison inspection in the Ryazan province based on archival materials. The reasons and conditions of its establishment are shown. Some information about personal qualities and professional activities of the Ryazan province prison inspectors is given. The main directions and results of their work on the organization of staff structure of inspection, interaction with regional detention facilities, development of prisoners’ work and improvement of personnel are highlighted.

M. B. Barclay de Tolly in the Soviet Fiction of the First Half of the 20th Century

In this article an attempt to review the Soviet fiction of the first half of the 20th century to reveal how the role of the commander M. B. Barclay de Tolly is estimated there at the epoch of the Twelfth year is made. As a result of the analysis of literary works of that time it is possible to state that views of the Soviet writers synchronously reflect all the aspects of the Soviet historiography: from semirecognition of qualities of a military leader Barclay and his merits in rescuing army (and objectively the country) to groundless defamation.