Regional History and Local Studies

Socio-psychological Factors of Perception in the Soldier Environment of Revolutionary Events of 1917 (According to the Materials of the Saratov Province)

The article analyzes the vicissitudes of revolutionary events in Russia through the prism of socio-cultural and socio-psychological dynamics of provincial society. The author’s research perspective is aimed at studying the mood of the soldiers ‘masses during the political crisis of 1917. The Author comes to the conclusion that the soldiers’ garrisons located in the largest cities of the country were mostly not ready to accept and support the democratic transformations of the new government.

Saratov Prostitution at the Turn of the XX Century

The article examines the issue of Saratov prostitution as a part of everyday life at the turn of the XX century. The analysis of the deviation and its state control are based on the archive documents. Regional development in early years of Russian modernization was detected.

Fiscal Policy of the Saratov Zemstvo (1864–1914)

The article presents a characteristic of the most important sphere in financial activity of the Saratov Zemstvo – fiscal policy. In particular, it analyses the tax system of zemstvo self-government bodies in the Saratov province, the forms of zemstvo dues, and objects of taxation. Special emphasis is laid on a study of growth trends in the budget revenue, and a simultaneous increase in tax arrears, which significantly reduced the efficiency of the zemstvo work.

Embassy to Georgia of Prince Fyodor Fedorovich Volkonsky and Left-Bank Saratov in 1637–1639

The article considers unknown pages of the history of the left-bank of Saratov. Particular attention is paid to the collapse of the embassy caravan on the Volga near Saratov on October 1, 1639 and to the further actions of Prince F. F. Volkonsky’s Ambassador. For the first time a detailed chronology of the events that took place in this city in the summer of 1637 and in the autumn of 1639 is presented, the Saratov Chronicle compiled 120 years ago is supplemented over the years.The main sources about the history of Saratov of this period are analyzed in detail.

Medical Care for Residents of Ivanovo, Kostroma and Yaroslavl Regions in Virgin Lands in 1954–1964 Years

The problem of the introduction of unused land into agricultural turnover is currently relevant in society, since at the present stage the state is implementing a campaign to develop the uninhabited territories of the Far East of the country. During this period, a large number of studies on virgin lands were published, but today many questions remain open. In particular, the problem of medical care in the virgin lands is not sufficiently studied by historians.

The Relationship Between the Soviet State and the Russian Orthodox Church in the Initial Period of the Great Patriotic War (on the Materials of the Saratov Volga Region)

The article reveals the relationship between the Soviet state and the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) in the initial period of World War II on the territory of the Saratov Volga region. The author explores the rapid change in state policy towards the Russian Orthodox Church: from openly hostile to benevolent by the end of 1942. On the analysis of concrete facts, the author identifies the most important reasons for such a transformation. Among them, the author also highlights the mass opening of churches in the occupied territory.

The Formation of the Cultural and Educational Environment During the Years of the Civil War in Saratov Gubernia (Based on the Materials of Balashov District)

Having come to power, the Bolsheviks along with socio-economic, political, state and legal transformations began cultural and educational changes. The paper attempts to consider the formation of Soviet culture and education in the Russian province using the example and materials of one of the uyezds of Saratov gubernia. The author comes to the conclusion that the undertakings of the uyezd authorities in this sphere of public life were not well thought out and organized.

Status and Functions of the Mayor of Nakhichevan-on-Don According to the Materials of the Audit By Senator M. N. Zhemchuzhnikov

The report of Senator Zhemchuzhnikov on the results of the audit of the Nakhichevan district in 1844 contains significant materials on the organization and activities of the self-government bodies of the Armenian colony in the Lower Don Region, formed in 1779 by Armenian immigrants from the Crimea. The duties of the mayor were not determined either by law or public sentence, and therefore the limits of his power depended on personal qualities and on the respect that he commanded in the district.

Sphere of Official Leisure of Soviet People in the 1960s: a Dichotomy of the Collective and Individual (Based on the Materials from the Saratov Region)

The paper regards the behavioral and leisure practices of society and government policy in the field of culture and leisure in the 1960s, which demonstrated the shifts at the social level and in the public consciousness. Methods of integrating party policies and initiatives of common Soviet people in organization and regulation of free time are considered. The use of archival material on in the Saratov region allows us to highlight the regional aspect of this topic.

Social and Everyday Problems of the Population of Saratov and Ways of Their Solution During the Great Patriotic War

The article shows the state of the housing stock, the work of public services, anti-epidemic measures and the activities of the health system of the city of Saratov as elements of the social policy of the state and the daily life of the population during the great Patriotic war. It is concluded that for objective reasons in the social sphere housing and communal conditions have significantly deteriorated, but the system of medical care of the urban population has coped in 1941–1945 with the tasks assigned to it.