Regional History and Local Studies

Sphere of Official Leisure of Soviet People in the 1960s: a Dichotomy of the Collective and Individual (Based on the Materials from the Saratov Region)

The paper regards the behavioral and leisure practices of society and government policy in the field of culture and leisure in the 1960s, which demonstrated the shifts at the social level and in the public consciousness. Methods of integrating party policies and initiatives of common Soviet people in organization and regulation of free time are considered. The use of archival material on in the Saratov region allows us to highlight the regional aspect of this topic.

Social and Everyday Problems of the Population of Saratov and Ways of Their Solution During the Great Patriotic War

The article shows the state of the housing stock, the work of public services, anti-epidemic measures and the activities of the health system of the city of Saratov as elements of the social policy of the state and the daily life of the population during the great Patriotic war. It is concluded that for objective reasons in the social sphere housing and communal conditions have significantly deteriorated, but the system of medical care of the urban population has coped in 1941–1945 with the tasks assigned to it.

Personnel Policy of the State in Forestry of the NEP Period: Problems and Lessons (Based on the Materials of the Volga Region)

The article examines the unexplored in historiography question of the state personnel policy in relation to forestry workers on the example of the Volga region, which in the 1920s was controversial. A major success should take the emergence of the forest Institute in the Tatar ASSR and forestry College in the Penza province, which contributed to the increase in the number of qualified professionals in the region. But the ongoing mass layoffs and separations of workers of forest areas has led to the deterioration of the forest Fund.

Notes of Saratov Volunteers – the Participants of the Serbian-Turkish War of 1876 as a Historical Source

The article is devoted to the participation of military volunteers from Saratov in the Serbian-Turkish war of 1876. The author analyzes the texts of the notes of the Saratov military volunteers published in the publication of the regional press “Saratov fact sheet”. The article reveals the socio-psychological and political motives of military volunteers, their perception of the situation in the Balkans and the evolution of their sentiments from the moment they were sent from Russia to their direct participation in the hostilities and return from the war.

To the Question of the Origin of Handicraft Centers (on the Example of the Balakhninsk lacemaking)

In the Russian Empire from the XVIII century there was a process of formation of centers of handicrafts. Russian historiography lacks an accurate understanding of the problems associated with the emergence of artisanal crafts and their centers. On the example of one of the major lace-making centers – the city of Balakhna of the Nizhny Novgorod province – the article discusses versions of its appearance and development.

On the Issue of Transferring Saratov to the Right Bank of the Volga in 1674

The article considers the reasons for the transfer of the left-bank Saratov to the right bank of the Volga in the area of the modern Museum Square. Particular attention is paid to the ruling persons (governors) of the town. The time of their stay in the new right-bank Saratov is specified. The main sources on the history of Saratov of this period are analyzed in detail.

Language as a Factor of Preservation of Historical National Self-Identity of Inhabitants of the Saratov Region (Based on the Results of the 2010 Population Census)

In the article the alteration of ethnic makeup in Saratov Region in 2002–2010  is examined. Tendencies of linguistic and national selfidentity of primary ethnic groups in Saratov Region are scrutinized and determined. Based on the results of the 2010 nationwide population census, the strengthening of the Russian language as primary lingua franca across the region has been registered, as well as persistence of the so-called “national” languages among the peoples of Caucasus and Central Asia.

Foreign Specialists at the Industrial Enterprises of the Lower Volga Region in the 1920s–1930s

The article discusses the participation of foreign experts in the construction and reconstruction of industrial enterprises of the Lower Volga region in 1920–1930s. In the framework of the methodological concept of social history and the history of everyday life issues of productivity, socio-cultural and social adaptation of foreigners, their relationships with Soviet colleagues, with the administration of the are addressed. The article is based on the archival materials introduced into scientific circulation for the first time.

Anti-religious Campaign in the Saratov Volga Region: on the Example of the Fight Against Orthodoxy (the End of the 1920s – the Beginning of the 1940s)

The author of the article, based on archival materials, examines the anti-religious campaign against the Russian Orthodox Church and the Orthodox on the territory of the Saratov Volga region in the late 1920s – early 1940s. The anti-religious campaign was carried out in the form of repressions against worshipers and believers, the seizure of temples and houses of worship, anti-religious agitation and propaganda, and other anti-religious events.

Daily Life During the Grain Campaign of 1929: on the Eve of the «Great Turning»

The article exploresthe dailylife of peasants of the Saratov Volga region on the eve of collectivization, associated with the implementation of the policy of the Soviet leadership on a large-scale “pumping out” food resources and “fighting the kulak” from the village. on the one hand, they were caused by a shortage of food for the cities and the army, on the other, they were the consequence of a ripening in the central government of the USSR decisions on accelerated collectivization.