Regional History and Local Studies

Medical Care for Residents of Ivanovo, Kostroma and Yaroslavl Regions in Virgin Lands in 1954–1964 Years

The problem of the introduction of unused land into agricultural turnover is currently relevant in society, since at the present stage the state is implementing a campaign to develop the uninhabited territories of the Far East of the country. During this period, a large number of studies on virgin lands were published, but today many questions remain open. In particular, the problem of medical care in the virgin lands is not sufficiently studied by historians.

The Relationship Between the Soviet State and the Russian Orthodox Church in the Initial Period of the Great Patriotic War (on the Materials of the Saratov Volga Region)

The article reveals the relationship between the Soviet state and the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) in the initial period of World War II on the territory of the Saratov Volga region. The author explores the rapid change in state policy towards the Russian Orthodox Church: from openly hostile to benevolent by the end of 1942. On the analysis of concrete facts, the author identifies the most important reasons for such a transformation. Among them, the author also highlights the mass opening of churches in the occupied territory.

The Formation of the Cultural and Educational Environment During the Years of the Civil War in Saratov Gubernia (Based on the Materials of Balashov District)

Having come to power, the Bolsheviks along with socio-economic, political, state and legal transformations began cultural and educational changes. The paper attempts to consider the formation of Soviet culture and education in the Russian province using the example and materials of one of the uyezds of Saratov gubernia. The author comes to the conclusion that the undertakings of the uyezd authorities in this sphere of public life were not well thought out and organized.

Status and Functions of the Mayor of Nakhichevan-on-Don According to the Materials of the Audit By Senator M. N. Zhemchuzhnikov

The report of Senator Zhemchuzhnikov on the results of the audit of the Nakhichevan district in 1844 contains significant materials on the organization and activities of the self-government bodies of the Armenian colony in the Lower Don Region, formed in 1779 by Armenian immigrants from the Crimea. The duties of the mayor were not determined either by law or public sentence, and therefore the limits of his power depended on personal qualities and on the respect that he commanded in the district.

Sphere of Official Leisure of Soviet People in the 1960s: a Dichotomy of the Collective and Individual (Based on the Materials from the Saratov Region)

The paper regards the behavioral and leisure practices of society and government policy in the field of culture and leisure in the 1960s, which demonstrated the shifts at the social level and in the public consciousness. Methods of integrating party policies and initiatives of common Soviet people in organization and regulation of free time are considered. The use of archival material on in the Saratov region allows us to highlight the regional aspect of this topic.

Social and Everyday Problems of the Population of Saratov and Ways of Their Solution During the Great Patriotic War

The article shows the state of the housing stock, the work of public services, anti-epidemic measures and the activities of the health system of the city of Saratov as elements of the social policy of the state and the daily life of the population during the great Patriotic war. It is concluded that for objective reasons in the social sphere housing and communal conditions have significantly deteriorated, but the system of medical care of the urban population has coped in 1941–1945 with the tasks assigned to it.

Personnel Policy of the State in Forestry of the NEP Period: Problems and Lessons (Based on the Materials of the Volga Region)

The article examines the unexplored in historiography question of the state personnel policy in relation to forestry workers on the example of the Volga region, which in the 1920s was controversial. A major success should take the emergence of the forest Institute in the Tatar ASSR and forestry College in the Penza province, which contributed to the increase in the number of qualified professionals in the region. But the ongoing mass layoffs and separations of workers of forest areas has led to the deterioration of the forest Fund.

Notes of Saratov Volunteers – the Participants of the Serbian-Turkish War of 1876 as a Historical Source

The article is devoted to the participation of military volunteers from Saratov in the Serbian-Turkish war of 1876. The author analyzes the texts of the notes of the Saratov military volunteers published in the publication of the regional press “Saratov fact sheet”. The article reveals the socio-psychological and political motives of military volunteers, their perception of the situation in the Balkans and the evolution of their sentiments from the moment they were sent from Russia to their direct participation in the hostilities and return from the war.

To the Question of the Origin of Handicraft Centers (on the Example of the Balakhninsk lacemaking)

In the Russian Empire from the XVIII century there was a process of formation of centers of handicrafts. Russian historiography lacks an accurate understanding of the problems associated with the emergence of artisanal crafts and their centers. On the example of one of the major lace-making centers – the city of Balakhna of the Nizhny Novgorod province – the article discusses versions of its appearance and development.

On the Issue of Transferring Saratov to the Right Bank of the Volga in 1674

The article considers the reasons for the transfer of the left-bank Saratov to the right bank of the Volga in the area of the modern Museum Square. Particular attention is paid to the ruling persons (governors) of the town. The time of their stay in the new right-bank Saratov is specified. The main sources on the history of Saratov of this period are analyzed in detail.