Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)

Региональная история и краеведение

The role of Emelyan Mikhailovich Yaroslavsky in the anti-religious campaign of the 1930s (By the example of the Saratov Volga region)

Based on archival materials, the author of the article analyzes the activities of the Union of Militant Atheists in the Saratov Volga region and the role of the leader of this organization in the 1930s. Examples of the activities of the organization are given, both within the framework of anti-religious agitation and propaganda of the communist ideology, and as an initiator of the closure of churches and prayer houses of all faiths. Emelyan Yaroslavsky is characterized as the main ideologist of state atheism.

Religious practicesof the clergyin the discourseof theimplementationof anti-religious policyin themid-1920s (basedon thematerials of the Samara Province)

This article is motivated to study the process of constructing Soviet society and reconstructing the everyday practices of representatives of religious organizations of the Samara province, who used various ways to counteract the implementation of anti-religious policy pursued by the authorities. The results of the study illustrate various practices used by representatives of various faiths against the anti-religious policy of the Soviet government in order to stop the process of destruction of the religious worldview of the population and consolidate their supporters.

Peat processing of the Saratov province in 1919–1921

The history of the peat industry both on the scale of Russia and in the regional framework of the Saratov province is a poorly studied topic. The article examines various aspects of the functioning of peat mining in Kuznetsk, Serdobsky, Petrovsky counties.

Аctivities of the Military council of the Atkarsk-Rtishchevo fortification area in July – August 1919

The article examines a little-known episode of the Civil War – the activities of the Military Council of the Atkarsk-Rtishchevo fortified region from the moment the fortified area was created on July 19, 1919, until it was disbanded on August 8, 1919. The activities of the Military Council contributed to the repulse of the attack of the Caucasian Army of the Armed Forces of the South of Russia on Saratov. 

Generalizing works on the Samara Luka and the Usolskaya Patrimony of the XVIII – early XX centuries as an experience of modern research practices of “local history”

The article analyzes comprehensive studies of the unique natural and cultural-historical territory on the Middle Volga – Samara Luka and one of the largest landlords in Russia – the Usolsky Patrimony of the Orlovs and Orlov-Davydovs. This example shows the role of historians and modern methods of “local history” in interdisciplinary studying the past of Russian regions, including the processes of the colonization and the development of the South-East of European Russia.

Celebration of the 300th Anniversary of the House of Romanov in the cities of the Volga region

On the materials of the state archives of Samara, Kazan, Cheboksary and on published historical sources the article analyzes the preparations for the celebrations dedicated to the 300th anniversary ofthe Romanov dynasty. It is shownthat preparationsforthe holidaytook on a universal  character, all segments of the population, independent of class, national, religious affiliation, were involved in the process of this preparation. Programs of celebrations are analyzed, they depended on a specific city, its material capabilities and the composition of the population.

Political Government of Informing Soviet Citizens about Events Abroad in 1921–1941 (Penza Region is Taken as an Example)

The article analyses the methods Communist party organizations used in informing Soviet citizens about events and developments abroad. It concludes that Communist party played a leading role in informing Soviet people about life abroad.

The life Quality of Penza Region People in the Beginning of XX Century (by the Evidences of the Local Press)

The article represents the scientific analysis of the newspapers articles, published in the beginning of 20th centuries. The results of the analysis prove the idea that no radical social changes took place in Russian and the main development paradigms development have not yet been changed for more then 100 years. The absence of changes produces the atmosphere of pessimism in society irrespective of the sources of information.

The Women and Children Problem in German Families of the Saratov Right-Bank Volga Region and its Transformation (mid 1760s – late 1920s)

The article is devoted to the underinvestigated aspects of the daily life of the German colonies of the Saratov Right-Bank Volga Region. The author analyses family, legal and property status of a woman in a German peasant family. The author also examines the relationships between the spouses, parents and children.

Left Bank Saratov in the 1666

The article deals with the unknown pages of history of the Saratov’s left bank, associated with staying of the Eastern Patriarchs Paisius and Macarius in this city. Analyzed in detail the route of the patriarchs by the Volga from Astrakhan to Simbirsk in summer 1666. At this time the city of Saratov was in the focus of the Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich.