Regional History and Local Studies

Single Peasant Households of the Saratov Province of the End of the XIX Century According to Zemstvo Household Censuses

One of the less widespread variants of peasant households were single households. The economic, legal and cultural norms of the traditional agrarian society contradicted the emergence of structures of this type. However, they were constantly present in different regions of the country in different time periods. The aim of the work is to study peasant single households of the Saratov province of the late XIX century. In this connection the primary materials of the zemstvo household censuses of the 1880–1890s will be investigated.

The Begining of Trade Route from Saratov to Moscow in the Third Quarter of the 17th Century

The article considers some unknown pages of the history of left bank Saratov in 1650–1674. Special attention is paid to using the direct road along the land from Saratov to Moscow to deliver different goods and for other purposes. A list of foreign visitors that ventured to go this way from Saratov to Moscow is presented for the first time. The role of constructing Simbirsk fort and the grounds of building Penza for this land route are emphasized. The interest of Board of secret affairs and the Tsar Aleksey Mihailovich himself is shown.

Specialized Medicine in the Villages of the Saratov Region in the Second Half of the 1940s – Early 1950s

In the article the activity of health care institutions in the sphere of specialized types of medical assistance in relation to rural labor resources is analyzed. The problems and contradictions associated with the implementation of measures taken by the state and party leadership in this direction are identified. The research carried out made it possible to introduce into scientific circulation new data that had previously remained beyond the scope of scientific research, to draw the generalizing conclusions, to reflect original author’s vision of the touched issues.

The Forest Fund of the Saratov Province in the 1920s

The condition of forest Fund of the Saratov province in the years of new economic policy on the basis of archival materials is investigated in the article. Some data on the area of the woods of the province and degree of cover of the population with forest materials are provided. The article examines the fight against fires and pests of the forest. The problem of illegal cuts has been studied in detail. The reasons that caused massive forest theft by the local population are analyzed.

Migration State Policy and the Refugees of the First World War from Belarus in the Saratov Province (1915–1918)

Saratov province was one of more than 30 provinces in Russia, where since 1915 – early 1916 till 1923 there have been thousands of refugees from Belarus. Materials of the state archives of Saratov region helped to get a clear understanding about the scope, peculiarities and terms of assistance to refugees. Special attention is drawn to relationships between the local population and forced migrants. The author comes to the conclusion that this chapter of global war has become the hardest and the most tragic challenge for forced migrants, the local population and the authorities as well.

The Question of the Legal Status of Religious Sects of Baptists and Adventists in of the Russian Empire at the End of the 19th Century – the Begining of the 20th Century (Based on Saratov’s Province Sources)

The article discusses the problem of religious freedom, followers of religious sects of Baptists, and Adventists Stundists in the legislation of the Russian Empire at the end of the 19th century - the early 20th century. The article focuses on the analysis of the legal provisions of these religious movements. The author comes to the conclusion that despite the legalization of religious organizations of Protestant direction, the followers of these sects continued to limit rights. They were extremely oppressed by the government during the World War I.

Economic Situation in Left-Bank Saratov in the Third Quarter of the 17th Century: Agricultural Activity, Local Civilian Population

The article considers some unknown facts about left-bank Saratov in 1650–1674. Special attention is paid to the local population. A list of famous leaders of town community and minor officials is presented for the first time. A graduate development of town community, its increasing role for Saratov is shown.

Формирование основных предпосылок аграрной реформы в Саратовской губернии начала XX века

Главное внимание в работе уделено изучению архивных и иных документальных источников, связанных с направлениями и спецификой реализации столыпинской аграрной реформы в Саратовской губернии. Анализ источников позволил изучить совокупность объективных факторов, а также экономических, социальных, этнических, демографических и иных особенностей развития саратовской деревни накануне аграрной реформы начала XX в.

Саратовский «дневник» историка А. А. Корнилова: часть вторая

Данная статья продолжает биографическую зарисовку саратовского периода жизни и деятельности выдающегося ученого и видного представителя земско-либерального движения России Александра Александровича Корнилова. Во второй части «Саратовского дневника» автор исследует драматические перипетии в судьбе Корнилова, связанные с его арестом. Наряду с этим анализируются его общественно-политическая деятельность и научно-публицистические работы по проблемам земского движения.

Влияние поволжских кооперативных организаций на повышение самодеятельности и культурного уровня российского крестьянства в начале XX века

Исследуется культурно-просветительская деятельность поволжских кооперативных организаций и ее влияние на повышение самодеятельности российского крестьянства в начале XX века. Наибольшее внимание в статье уделяется созданию народных домов, кооперативной пропаганде и агитации, борьбе с пьянством, развитию народного образования, кооперативной печати, организации библиотечного дела.