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Nikita Petrovich Villebois: two versions of biography

This article is devoted to one of the most mysterious and notorious sources on history of Peter I’s times. It is so called «Villebois’s memoirs». The author compares «autobiographic» story of the «memoir» with the real biography of the French at the Russian service Nikita Petrovich Villebois (1674–1760) and comes to the conclusion, that Villebois couldn’t write the memoir himself. The «autobiographic» part of «Villebois memoirs» is to be published in Russian for the first time. 

Russian-turkish war of 18771878. in a poetic publicism

The article discusses a number of poetry written on the topic of Balkan crisis of the 70's. XIX century. and the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878. Examines the views of commentators on the causes and course of the war with the Ottoman Empire, shows the impact on the poetic journalism critical of public sentiment

The Role of R. R. Rosen at Russo-Japanese Negotiations about Korean and Manchurian Question

The article focuses on the Russian minister to Japan R. R. Rosen’s role at the negotiations that preceded the war of 1904 – 1905. Because of quite long stay at the diplomatic service in Japan, he could study Japanese interests in East Asia and the attitude of the Japanese society to the Russian Empire claims to the control over Manchuria and Korea thoroughly. Being informed about military potential of Japan, R. R. Rosen stated that rise of armed conflict was extremely undesirable; however, in spite of his efforts, Saint-Petersburg and Tokyo couldn’t strike a happy medium.

The role of representation power in developing foreign policy of the Russian Empire (April 1906 – June 1907)

The paper studies the role played by the State Duma in developing foreign policy of the Russian Empire during the First Russian revolution. Competences of the representation power do not extend to foreign policy. However, the State Law, adopted in 1906, gave members of Parliament tools of indirect control that enabled them to influence current activities of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and to shape foreign policy of the country

The periodization of formation of Russian Red Army in the works of its founder

The focused on the periodization of the Soviet military construction during the Civil War at an early stage of its development in the first post-war decade

Reforming of the country's agricultural sector at the end of XX century

The article analyzes the process of reforming of the country's agriculture at the end of XX century on the basis of regulatory documents, statistics and periodicals. We study the order of the reorganization of collective and state farms, creation of conditions for the formation of peasant (farmer), joint stock companies, co-operative farms.. The conclusion is that the agrarian policy of the state is not drawn on the experience of doing the farm. The reforms were not prepared and carried out in a short time by incompetent people.

ANTISTASOV: СONSTRUCTION ОF ADVERSARY’S IMAGE IN THE «NOVOE VREMYA»

This article is devoted to the analysis of the image of Stasov, outstanding Russian art critic, from the direction of his enemies in the newspaper «Novoe Vremya» («New Time»). There is distinguished the polemics, which is developed in the national periodical press as regards the productions ofV. V. Vereshchagin, I. Ye. Repine, M. M. Antocolsky and «The New Russian School» leaders. This productions, presented by Stasov as picture of «the Russian direction», were roughly criticized by the «Novoe Vremya».

REMINISCENCES OF NEO-POPULISTS AS A HISTORICAL SOURCE

In the article we study the reminiscences left by the leaders and most prominent members of neo-populist parties, such as V. M. Chernov,b. V. Savinkov, A. V. Peshekhonov, E. k. breshko-breshkovskaya,G. V. Greshuni, V. M. Zenzinov. The research of private sources isimportant for deeper and more profound understanding of historicalevents and processes.

UNKNOWN CORRESPONDENT KNOWN WAR (WAR CORRESPONDENT BOOK. L. SHAKHOVSKOY ON THE BALKAN FRONT, THE RUSSIANTURKISH WAR OF 1877–1878)

The article deals with the correspondence book. LV Shakhovsky, who, during the Russian-Turkish war was the representative of the newspaper «Moscow News». Understand the views of the causes and memoirist course of the Russian-Turkish war of 1877–1878. Just drawing historical parallels between Russia and the balkans. 

ON THE ESTABLISHMENT REPRESENTATIVE BODIES OF THE POWER OF IMPERIAL RUSSIA: THE FIRST PHASE OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CYCLE (DECEMBER, 1904 – AUGUST, 1905)

In article attempt of research of a problem of an institutionalizing of representative bodies of the Russian Empire in the course of democratic transformation of a society at the beginning XX-th century in a context of a paradigm of the constitutional cycles

SOVIET POWER AND CHSNS BEFORE THE REBELLION OF THE CZECHOSLOVAK CORPS (MARCH–MAY 1918)

The author considers the problem of the relationship between the command of the Czechoslovak Corps and the Soviet authorities on the delivery of weapons, skipping echelons in beijing on the eve of the rebellion of the Czechoslovak Corps. We study the formation, operation mechanism of the system, the basic contradictions that arise in the course of its activities and attempts to resolve them, undertaken between March and May 1918

COMMANDER IN CHIEF M. A. MURAVIEV AND CREATION THE EAST FRONT (JUNE – JULY 1918)

This article is devoted to the problems of organization activities of first commander of chief of west front civil war M. A. Muraviev to creation a regular army forces.

THE STATE OF USSR NAVY AVIATION BEFORE THE BEGINNING OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

The article is devoted to Navy aviation before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. The particular attention in the material is paid to the air forces of the baltic Fleet

THE DIPLOMATIC AIM OF THE GREAT EMBASSY 1697–1698/99

The article deals with the real diplomatic aims of the Great embassy (Velikoe posol’stvo, VP) which were not fully disclosed in the official documents and remained a mystery. We could identify the goals that the «core of the VP» sought to achieve, on the one hand, and the objectives of the pantlers who travelled to the south and the lord steward, B. P. Sheremetev, on the other. It has become evident that the presence of the VP as an observer on the Rijswik Congress was not a random event. We show what was the result of this action for Russia.

THE ECONOMIC ACTIVITY OF FRENCH SETTLERS ON THE SOUTH-WEST OF RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE END OF XVIII – THE FIRST HALF OF XIX CENTURY (ACCORDING OF MATERIALS OF STATE ARCHIVES OF UKRAINE)

In the article is analyzed the documents of the State Archives of Kher- son and Odessa Oblasts. This enables to concretize the influence of French migrants on the economic development of Novorossiyskiy region in this period. Author writes about main sectors of economic activity of foreigners on the south-west of Russian empire in the end of XVIII – the first half of XIX centuries. 

THE COURSE OF LIFE OF A HIGH OFFICIAL UNDER NIKOLAS: A. S. NOROV

One of the outstanding statemen and public figures of the Russia of the 40s – 60s of the 19th century was Avraam Sergeyevich Norov.He devoted his life to serving Russia which he loved sincerely and unselfishly. In 1812 A. S. Norov, a young boy of 17, defended his Motherland from the enemy. In 1854–1858 holding the post of the Minister of People`s Education he contributed with all his efforts to the development of education in the country. A. S. Norov made a significant contribution to the formation and development of native Oriental Studies.

THE STRUGGLE AROUND VALUEV‘S PROJECT OF ZEMSTVO REFORM: SUGGESTIONS BY M. A. KORF AND G. A. SHERBATOV

The paper is thematically linked to the author s paper in «Newsletter of Saratov University». New Series. Ser. History. 2012. Vol. 12, iss. 4. It focuses on the discussion of Valuev’s project of Zemstvo Reform by the representatives of liberal bureaucracy M. A. Korf andG. A. Sherbatov

Conducting a House-to-House Census of Peasant Households by Zemstvo statisticians

The materials of zemstvo statistics are a valuable source on the history of the Russian village in the period after the reform. Zemstvo statisti- cians did a colossal work connected with the study of socioeconomic status of peasant households of the country. The most effective meth- od of acquiring primary statistical data was a total house-to-house census of peasant households which was conducted in zemstvo gubernias in the 80th of the XIXth century. The article deals with the mechanism of its conduction and the results.  

SOCIAL SERVICE OF THE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH IN THE SECOND HALF OF XIX– EARLY XX CENTURIES IN CONTEMPORARY DOMESTIC STUDIES

Article is devoted to historiographical analysis of the scientific problem of social service of the Russian Orthodox Church in the second half of XIX – early XX centuries. the latest local historical research. Highlight the achievements of modern Russian authors to identify and explore key areas, which were implemented in the social ministry of the church during this period, the ways of further research topics. 

THE DAILY LIFE OF INMATES OF CHILDREN’S HOMES OF THE SOVIET PROVINCIAL CITY IN 1920–1930-IES

The article is devoted to the problems of a daily life of the Saratov Volga Region. The author analyses the living conditions of inmates of children’s homes. The author also examines the level of equipment of institutions of food and household goods. On the basis of archival material and periodicals of then-a-days the original picture of a daily life of a children’s home is reconstructed

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