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The «Trouble Spot» of the Andean Region: Colombia and Venezuela at the Beginning of the XXI-st Century

The article considers the reasons of modern Colombia-Venezuela tension. The special attention of the author is focused on the position and the role of the United States in the development of the conflict situation

REMARKS ABOUT SEPARATLY PROBLEMS OF THE HISTORICAL SCIENCE

The author indicate the principal problems of the modern historic science: problems of research of the traditional epochs, the general ideas, conceptions, the place of Marxism in historic methodology and etc

THE AGRARIAN LAW OF GAIUS SEMPRONIUS GRACCHUS IN NARRATIVE AND EPIGRAPHIC EVIDENCE

This article considers the ancient evidence for agrarian law of Gaius Sempronius Gracchus. On the basis of re-examination of our literary and epigraphic sources author criticizes the view that this law was identical to the lex Sempronia agraria of 133 bC. he tries to define the categories of public land, which was distributed among Roman citizens during the agrarian reform of 123–122 bC.

ÆLFRIC’S HOMILY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT «ESTHER» IN THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF LATE SAXON ENGLAND

The article focuses on the Old Testament book of Esther and various aspects of its cultural adaptation in the homiletic writings of abbot Ælfric of Eynshem. Considering Ælfric’s homily on «Esther» the author examines early English Сhurch’s ideas of exemplary queenship, and concludes that in his retelling of the biblical plot Ælfric attempted to find a solution to crucial political issues of his time. he called his compatriots for prayer and Christian faith – the virtues he regarded as major weapons for defending England against heathens

THE BACON’S METAPHYSICAL HISTORISM

The bacon’s interpretation of the Six Days of Creation myth is considered in this article. It shows the limitation of the knowledge- based progress idea. The bacon’s interpretation testifies that it is on«the fourth day» when the abstract reason framework is completed.«The fifth day» brings humans back to the aesthetic world perceptionwhile «the sixth day» unfolds the secret of human race destiny inhistorical experience. According to this principle universal history ofSpirit was developed by bacon adherents.

FRENCH MEDIEVAL LITERATURE IN HISTORICAL CONCEPT OF HUMANIST E. PASQUIER

The paper deals with a problem of reception of medieval French literature during the Renaissance in France. The auther claimes the thesis of formation of two points of view with that matter. The critical one formed by theoriciens of «Pleiade», and evolutional by humanist and Ronsard’s friend E. Pasquier. The late proposed the concept of unity of medieval and Renaissance French literature as well as unity of literature of langu’d’oil and langue d’oc and stating the influence of oxitaine literature on the genesis of early Renaissance Italian poesy.

SPANISH NEUTRALITY DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR: SELECTED ASPECTS

The article analyses the maintenance of neutrality by Spain as well as its partners belonging to opposing sides. The article touches upon the issues of alterations in the economic situation and consequences of the facilitation of Spanish international trade in WWI. The author focuses on the development of the country's foreign policy and the cases when Spain infracted the neutrality during 1914-1918

THE SEARCH OF THE NEW VECTORS OF RUSSIAN FOREIGN POLICY IN EUROPE AT THE BEGINNING OF 1920S

The article defines the major points of Russian foreign policy in Europe in 1920s. Author analyses relations between USSR and European countries during the period of temporary balance in the mechanism of decision making due to the pressure on Stalin and his supporters by the opposition inside the Communist Party.

POLITICAL PROGRAM OF GEERT WILDERS IN THE CONTEXTOF DEVELOPMENT OF THE EXTREME RIGHT IN NETHERLANDS

The article discusses the phenomenon of political success of the dutch extreme right party – «Party of Freedom» Author makes an analysis of the political activity of the party leader – Gert Wilders. Discusses the role of the «Party of Freedom» in the political system of Netherlands.

THE USAID ACTIVITIES IN THE CENTRAL ASIAN REGION DURING THE CLINTON’S ADMINISTRATION

Given article is devoted to the study of the U. S. Agency for International Development in the Central Asian republics of the former Soviet Union during the 1990s in the context of the geopolitical interests of the United States in the region.

THE GRACCHI AND THE AGER CAMPANUS

This paper considers some aspects of history of the ager Campanus in the Gracchan period. On the basis of re-examination of our literary and epigraphic sources author analyzes the policy of the Gracchi concerning this part of Roman public land. His conclusion is that the ager Campanus enjoed immunity from any land distribution until Caesar his agrarian reform. 

THE WORKS OF EUROPEAN HUMANISTS IN THE REPERTORYOF THE CZECH BOOK PRINTING IN ITS EARLY PERIOD (1468–1620)

The paper focuses on the repertory of the Czech book printing in its early period (1468–1620). The author reveals the place that wasoccupied by the works of European humanists; ad also traces their influence on the spiritual life of the Czech.

«Courrier de smyrne»: from the History of the Anti-Russian Propaganda in turkey at the End of the 1820s

The article is devoted to one of the episodes in the history of the development of Turkey periodicals – history of the first steps of the francophone newspaper «Le Courrier de Smyrne». It was published since 1828, by the French citizen who lived in Smyrna, Alexander Blacque. The article describes one of the brightest episodes of the information war on the Turkish side at the final stage of the war of Greek independence.

TO THE QUESTION OF TERMINOLOGY IN RESEARCH OF PHENOMENON OF RADICAL RIGHT

The article considers the main terms, used in research of phenomenon of radical right

NEOPAN-TURKISM AND NEO-OTTOMANISM IN THE FOREIGN POLICY OF TURKEY

The article is devoted to the choice of the foreign policy strategy of Turkey. It describes the three main directions: the Turkish Eurasianism, ottomanism and turkism. Particular attention is drawn to the evolution of the last two concepts

EURASIAN UNION AND ITS PERCEPTION WITHIN THE POLITICAL ELITE AND THE EXPERT COMMUNITY OF PROSPECTIVE MEMBERS

The article analyzes the historical roots of the Eurasian Idea, the pro- ject of the Eurasian Union how it was represented in political discus- sion of the leaders of «Eurasian countries». Author traces the sources of formation and stages of development of the Eurasian Union, as well as perception of this project within the political elite and the expert community of prospective members.

SCO IN THE GLOBAL ENCIRCLEMENT OF CRITICISM АGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF THE ACTIVE U. S. BASE POLICYIN THE «GREAT CENTRAL ASIA»

SCO actions in Central Asia (CA) are often become criticized by NATO and its loyal states. The key reasons for that are named to be the military trainings run by SCO and its close ties with Iran as it is a non-official member there or one of the SCO’s observers. The article offers various opinions both amiable and critical with regard to SCO expressed by the world community. The next part of the article describes the US policy for basing its troops in the region and a general situation regarding Pentagon’s military bases located in the CA and Pakistan.

The relation to Catholics in England in Restoration

In article position of Catholics in England in late Stewarts is considered. The basic sources are diaries of contemporaries of S.Pipsa and J. Эвелина. The author of article tries to find out, whether the situation for Catholics with returning to a throne of sons of the executed Charles I has improved, which tended to Catholicism.

Medieval history of Slaves in scientific-pedagogical activity T.N. Granovsky

The author of this article examine the evaluation of famous Russian historian  T.N. Granovsky (1813 — 1855)  of historical role Slavic peoples and define his contribution in study of history of Western Slaves in the Middle Ages.

Realization of the american strategy of "distribution of democracy” by means of settlement of regional conflicts during the R. Reagan’s second presidential term

In the article application of the American strategy of “distribution of democracy” as ideological registration of actions of the USA on settlement of regional conflicts is considered. The variation between military and not military components of this strategy is shown.

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