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Charitable activities of the Empress Maria Fedorovna: letters and memories

The article is based on the research which was carried out to study charity and patronage activity of Empress Maria Fyodorovna. Her active participation caused the appearance of far-reaching system of educational and social institutions. The analysis of the Empress correspondence and contemporaries’ evaluations are the foundation of the article.

«The war on literature barricades»: legal cases against press in russia during the years of the first russian Revolution

This article deals with such sort of political cases as «literature» cases. During the years of the First Russian Revolution they occupied big part in court reports on political cases. The author emphasizes that after the Name Supreme Decree to the Senate «On casual rules for periodical press» has been signed on November 24, 1905, censorship of the tsar government became harder. Special attention is paid to researching activities of Saratov jurors from the synergy “Young Bar” who stood on guard of an opposed printed word at the time.

The preservation and researching of the monuments of everyday culture: the Yury Ozarowsky collection

This article is devoted to the collection of the monuments of Russian antiquity, founded by Yury Ozarowsky, the Director of the Aleksandrinsky theatre. In 1914 he opened the “Old little house” historical museum, based on his own collection, in Saint-Petersburg. The author of this article publishes unknown facts and materials about the collection and also reveals Ozarowsky’s activities in the sphere of preservation and popularization of the historical artifacts of 18-19th centuries.

Financial aspects of relations between Soviet Union and France in the mid 1920s

The article examine bilateral economic relations between France and Soviet Union  during 1920s. Author analyses documents and materials of Political Bureau of the Communist Party focused on Soviet approaches toward the issues of foreign dept, mutual obligations and financial disputes and issues.

The Iranian Factor of Anglo-Soviet Conciliation after Nazi Aggression against the Soviet Union (June – July, 1941)

The hypothesis is justified in the article thatidentity of positions on situation in Iran after Nazi aggression against USSR have predetermined rather rapid overcoming of mutual distrust between USSR and Great Britain and conclusion of an agreement on joint actions in the war against Germany.

Insufficiently explored memoirs of the nobles about Pugachevshina: "Home Notes Journal…"

The article analyses «Home Notes Journal – a source of a memoir type, unpublished and insufficiently explored dealing with the siege of Orenburg during Pugachev's Rebellion of 1773–1775. The purpose of this article is to examine the source from the author`s social psychology not from its actual side. The work aims to reconstruct the author's perception of the rebels, his interpretation of the nature of the historical event, its social basis and its causes. The author highlights the classification of the nobles`approaches to the interpretation of Pugachev revolt. 

The latest researches on history of grain trade of the end of XIX-of the beginning of the XX centuries in South Ural

In article researches of the Ufa historian M.I.Rodnov in which the space of the regional grain market and the mechanism of grain trade in the Ufa province are investigated are analyzed. Degree of novelty of conceptual creation of the historian investigating big of a complex of questions, connected both with the analysis of a historiography of a problem, and with studying of degree of reliability of a complex of documentary sources of various origin, including official and territorial statistics, periodicals, transport statistics and other materials is shown.

Russian colonization of Central Asia in the second half of XIX - early XX centuries

Based on the data of KP Kaufman, as well as modern researchers considered problems related to Russian colonization of Central Asia, in particular, the reasons for the peasants leaving of central Russia, the resettlers' position, the state's role in the resettlement process. Special attention is drawn to the specificity occupation of different areas related to the political and climatic factors.

Perception of war and captured Tripartite alliance Tatars of the Kazan province

Attitude of Tatars of the Kazan province which breaks up to a number of segments, wasn't exposed to the careful analysis from historical community. Long time the Tatar political discourse associated with Muslim, despite that these concepts far aren't equivalent. In article attempt of reconstruction of an image of war and the enemy in public consciousness of Muslim Tatars of the Kazan province in 1914-1915 is undertaken.

Tatyana Leontyeva and «Mukden russian revolution»

The following article seeks to analyze the personality and activities of Tatyana Leontyeva, who represents a typical case essential for understanding the specifics of the phenomenon of female terrorism in Russia in the beginning of XX century. Within the scope of the analysis we shall examine the turning point in the history of the Socialist-Revolutionary Combat Organization, namely, the defeat of its St. Petersburg Committee in March 1905.

National movements of the deported peoples as a factor of the dissolution of the USSR

The role of the national movements of the deported peoples in the process of the USSR dissolution is investigated in the article. The programmes of the national movements and its main purpose - creation of independent national states - are analysed in the article. It is made a conclusion that the national movements' leaders position in the setting of the weakened center and the republican national elites strengthening has become disastrous for the integrated state.

Voivode Andrey Fyodorovich Naumov: Unknown Pages of the Biography

The article introduces a novel detailed biography of Saratov voivode, Andrei Fyodorovich Naumov, a little-known figure of the Time of Troubles, who took part in combats at Smolensk and defended Moscow from the Poles. The author traces the further fate of this man, who replaced Saratov voivode Stepan Chemesov in 1632. 

«Action Party»: Perception of the War against the Ottoman Empire by the Russian Ruling Elite (the 1870s)

The article discusses the views of the Russia’s ruling elite representatives on the Balkans’ crisis in the 70s of the 19th century. Foreign policy plans and ideas on the eve of the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878 are analyzed. The impact of critical public sentiment on their subsequent evolution is shown.

«The Artist and Terror as the Aim of His Entire Life »: Gregory Gershuni (a Historical Portrait)

The article is an attempt to construct a historical biography of one of the key figures of the revolutionary era in Russia of the early 20th century – "artist" of terror, G.A. Gershuni. The author analyzes the performance of the SRs’ military organization leader on the basis of personal and official documents and tries to create a historical and psychological portrait of Gregory Gershuni.

Problem of Keeping Military Munitions after the Forced Liquidation of the Old Russia’s Army in 1918

Examining the example of the Volga Garrisons, the article focuses on a pressing problem of keeping the military munitions after the forced liquidation of the old Russia’s Army.

Siberian Period in V. G. Tyukavkin’s Scientific Activity

The article defines the stages of the scientific activity of the State Prize laureate, Honored Worker of Science, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor V.G. Tyukavkin. The factors that influenced the formation of the historian’s world outlook are shown. It is proved that under the domination of the Marxist-Leninist methodology, the historian organically combined traditional and new approaches in the evaluation of capitalism development in the Siberian village. 

The Educational Reform of Alexander I: Some Judgments and Evaluations in the Russian Historiography of the XIX – Early XX Centuries

One of the important directions of the state policy of Alexander I was the implementation of the educational reform. Its result was the creation of the public education system in Russia. The article presents the evaluations and judgments on the matter, which are contained in the works of Russian researchers, published in the XIX – early XX centuries.

The main statistical sources for studying the development of the Russian cities in the XIX century

The article deals with the statistical publications of the XIX century, which contain data on Russian cities. The author presents the most important stages of the state statistics formation in Russia in the context of collecting data on urban settlements. The content of the statistical sources issued by the Ministry of Internal Affairs is analyzed in detail, specific characteristics and disadvantages of each of these publications are pointed out.

The Russian steamship line "Riurik"

The development of steamship companies of the Russian Empire is being described. It is noted that the pre-revolutionary period of development of the Russian state helped to create not only large shipping companies, but a significant number of small ones, as well as private owners, such as the Russian steamship line"Riurik". The process of its formation is shown, problems and difficulties are identified. The conclusion says that the First World war interrupted the development of the merchant fleet of the Russian state.

The Ukrainian Topic in the Marxist Historians’ Society

This article shows the basic aspects of analyzing the Ukrainian topic within the Marxist Historians’ Society during the second half of the 1920s – the beginning of the 1930s. It is stated that the Society played a key role in the scholarly discredit and organizational disintegration of the national Ukrainian historiography, assisting the authorities in solving current political agenda and in promoting a new concept of native history.

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