International Relations

Multi-vector Diplomacy of J. Chirac (1995–2007)

The article is devoted to the activity of Jacques Chirac as the French president in the period from 1995 to 2007. The key policy directions of the head of the Fifth Republic, aimed at strengthening its positions in the international arena are under consideration.

What does Canada Need Sanctions for? Cruicial Factors of Canadian Foreign Policy Towards Russia

The relationship between Canada and Russia has had a long history. Canada and Russia have a lot of things in common such as the size of territory, the federal system of government, joint interest in the Arctic region. But in spite of cooperation prospects the relationship between two countries has been frozen due to the sanctions imposed on Russia by Canada. On the whole the topic concerning sanctions imposed on Russia is widely discussed and raises many disputes about the real nature of the sanctions and the aims the countries pursue.

Paradiplomacy of the Canadian Province Ontario in the 21st Century

The article examines the paradiplomatic activity of the Canadian province Ontario which is one of the most active entities of Canada in the international arena of the XXI century. The author pays attention to the main Ontario’s directions of international activity and the relation of the province’s paradiplomacy with the policy of the Federal center in the XXI century. The article also considers the main reasons for the development of paradiplomacy in Canada.

Use of Resources of the Caspian Sea through the Prism of Kazakhstan Interest in the 1990s and Early 2000s

The article explores the development of transport and logistics corridors of the Caspian region through the prism of Kazakhstan’s national interests and geopolitical competition between the leading actors. The author also analyzes the foreign policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, pointing to the fact that the country managed to maintain a balanced course and to be balanced with all players in the region.

From A. Mutalibov to G. Aliyev: Formation of Foreign Policy of Independent Azerbaijan

The article is devoted to the formation of the foreign policy of Azerbaijan after the acquisition of independence in 1991. The author analyzes the foreign policy course of the first presidents of the country, identifies strengths and weaknesses of the domestic and foreign policies of each. Particular attention is paid to internal factors that determined international position of Azerbaijan.

The Egyptian Policy of the First George Bush Jr. Administration: Formation and Evolution

The article considers the policy of the First George W. Bush administration towards Egypt in the context of the neo-conservative approach. Factors of formation, main directions and results of the U. S. Egyptian policy during the period under review are analyzed.

Soviet-Turkish Contacts on Military Matters in the Early 1920s

The article examines the aspects of military cooperation during the formation of the Soviet-Turkish relations and the formation of the Turkish Republic. A general analysis of the military-political situation around Russia and Turkey in the early 1920s is conducted. Some characteristics of the actions of the Soviet and Turkish leadership on military matters during the period of mutual national interests of the Bolsheviks and Kemalists are given.

Роль России в урегулировании сирийского конфликта

Вооруженное противостояние в Сирии продолжается с 2011 г. В сентябре 2015 г. сирийский президент Башар Асад обратился к Российской Федерации с просьбой о военной поддержке правительственной армии. Так началась операция воздушно-космических сил России в Сирии. При помощи российских войск сирийское правительство смогло восстановить контроль над большей частью сирийской территории и перейти к деэскалации и политическому урегулированию конфликта.

Президентские выборы 2012 года в Египте и перспективы ирано-египетских отношений

В статье анализируется реакция официального Ирана на итоги президентских выборов в Египте 2012 года. Победа исламиста Мохаммеда Мурси открывала широкие перспективы для Ирана по восстановлению дипломатических отношений на основе концепции «Исламского пробуждения». Рассматривается инициатива Ирана по приглашению М. Мурси на саммит Организации Движения неприсоединения (ОДН) в Тегеране и установление первых официальных контактов на высшем уровне.

Швеция – ЕС: эволюция сотрудничества в рамках политики обороны и безопасности

В статье на примере отношений Швеции и Европейского союза рассматриваются изменения в понимании и трактовке угроз безопасности в 1990-е годы и ответная реакция на них. В этом контексте автор проанализировал мотивы вступления в ЕС ранее нейтральной и свободной от альянсов Швеции. Такой подход позволил также охарактеризовать степень эффективности шведской модели безопасности.

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