Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)

Международные отношения

Forming of the Electoral System to the European Parliament (1957–1979)

The article discusses the process of the electoral system’s evolution to the European Parliament. The result of this process was the introducing of direct universal suffrage to the European Parliament. This new mechanism became the guarantee of the Parliament’s making into the real democratic institution that favoured the consolidation of European integration’s tendencies.

Margaret Thatcher’s Speech at Bruges

The article describes the Address given by Margaret Thatcher (Bruges, 20 September 1988). Particular attention is paid to principles of Prime Minister’s strategy, which are pursuing the priority of national interests in the integration processes.

The Progressive Block and the Russian Foreign Policy in August 1915 – February 1917

The position of the Progressive Block leaders in the most important questions of the Russian foreign policy in August 1915–February 1917 is examined. The author analyzes foreign policy priorities of the main political parties, the reasons of the conflict of the Duma opposition and autocracy, and carries out the research of the Russian parliament influence on the country’s foreign policy.

Reports of Official and Colonial German Media on the Settlement of German Russians in the German Colony in Eastern Africa and the Position of Colonial Strata 1906–1909

In this essay on the German Media the author analyzes the emigration of German Russians to the Eastern African colonies. Based on contemporary media of the German Empire the author presents the different opinions about the issue of this kind of emigration. The official and colonial media show different strategies of the colonial strata of the society on behalf of emigration of German Russians to Eastern Africa.

Russian Soldier in the Balkan Crisis of the mid-70-ies. the XIX Century

The article is devoted to the image of Russian soldier in the Russian-Turkish war in 1877–1878. The disadvantages of the Russian army, as well as the pgi-сание mobilization deployment, the economic content of the detachment. Also there are historical parallels between Russia and the countries of the Ballkan peninsula.

Palestinian front of the Islamic revolution

In the article analyzes the «Palestinian» track in the foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran. It’s studying initiatives of Teheran in resolving of «the Palestinian conflict» and reaction to them from the Arabian world. Also consider the transformation of foreign policy structures of the region in the Middle East caused by a policy of Israel and the USA in the Palestinian territories after operation «Cast lead» in 2009 year.

Russia – Germany: an Attempt to a Strategic Partnership (1998–2005ss)

The article presents the dynamics of Russian-German cooperation between the late 1990s and the first half of the 2000s. It is established that the relationship between Russia and Germany have developed in cycles because they had passed the phase of rise and fall. The official interpretation of the bilateral relations as strategic partnership can not be considered successful in view of the conflicts generated by the contradictions in the national interests of Russia and Germany.

Key Stages in the Development of the Nunn – Lugar Program in the 1990s

The article examines the main stages of formation and development of the Cooperative Threat Reduction program, its goal and tasks at each stage, as well as reasons and methods used by the opposition in the USA to reduce its funding.

From the «Containment» Doctrine to the «Expansion» Strategy : the American Foreign Aid and New Epoch Challenges (1992–1994)

The article is devoted to the study of the changes in the American foreign policy and essence of new global challenges after the end of the Cold War. Besides the role of the American foreign аid to underdeveloped countries in the context of the Clinton administration’s National Security Strategy is also analyzed.

The Question of the USSR’s Potential Enemies in Potential War in 1920s

The article examines Russian relations with potential adversaries in the interwar period. The author systematizes a number of diplomatic Anti-Soviet Acts and the ranking of states threatening the USSR’s foreign policy during 1920s.