International Relations

«Islamic Awakening» and «Syrian Spring»

The article analyzes the main provisions of the concept of «Islamic Awakening», which became the basis of the foreign policy doctrine of Iran in the period of «Arab spring». However, given the specifics of the development of events in 2011 in Syria, called the Syrian Spring, which did not fit into the concept of Islamic Awakening, the Iranian authorities were forced to “finalize” it.

The Process of Euro-Atlantic Integration of Bulgaria in the 1990–2000s

The article examines the progress of the NATO’s«open-door» policy’s realization towards Bulgaria in the 1990-2000s taking into account the changes in the country in the socio-economic and military-political sphere, which were aimed at the integration into Euro-Atlantic structures. An analysis of the reasons that have forced NATO to begin reformatting of the Eastern Balkans and inclusion this subregion in its sphere of influence is made.

The American Aid Policy Evolution During D. Eisenhower’s Presidency

The article is devoted to studying the peculiarities of the process of forming the postwar world economic order during the D. Eisenhower administration, within which contradictions were growing among the American ruling elites concerning the U. S. foreign economic policy direction. Particular attention is paid to researching ideological approaches of various interest groups in American Congress and administration in respect to the foreign aid program, which played a key role in implementing the plans of all interested parties.

History and Modern Condition of the Regional Industrial and Production Facilities of the North-East China Realized with the Assistance of the USSR in the 1950s

Based on the use of historical analysis of regional studies, translation of Chinese-language documents, the history and current state of industrial-production objects of China erected with technical, economic, financial, and advisory assistance from the USSR in the 1950s are considered. The main objects of coal mining, petrochemical, fuel and energy, hydropower, agricultural, food, forestry and metallurgical industries of the three Chinese northeastern provinces, Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning, are identified.

The Political Portrait of Damascus Lion. Syria’s President Hafez Assad

The purpose of this article is to represent the political portrait of Syrian president Hafez Asad. In order to pursue the goal, the following objectives were set. Firstly, to examine the key factors which shaped him as a politician. Secondly, to highlight the importance of Hafez Asad in internal and foreign policy of the country. The biographical method was of high priority because the author intended to show the place of a single person in the country’s history.

Conflicts of the Arab and Jewish Population in the First Half of the 20th Century: the Domination of Violence and the International Context

The paper is aimed at identifying the main causes of the dominance of violence in the interaction of Arabs and Jews in the Middle East in the first half of the 20th century. At that time Zionism finally took shape as political force, and the active migration of Jews to the territory
of Palestine began to provoke the Arabs. The author researches the conflict through the prism of the international presence in the region and concludes that the UK has not coped with the stabilization of the situation in the mandated territory.

Multi-vector Diplomacy of J. Chirac (1995–2007)

The article is devoted to the activity of Jacques Chirac as the French president in the period from 1995 to 2007. The key policy directions of the head of the Fifth Republic, aimed at strengthening its positions in the international arena are under consideration.

What does Canada Need Sanctions for? Cruicial Factors of Canadian Foreign Policy Towards Russia

The relationship between Canada and Russia has had a long history. Canada and Russia have a lot of things in common such as the size of territory, the federal system of government, joint interest in the Arctic region. But in spite of cooperation prospects the relationship between two countries has been frozen due to the sanctions imposed on Russia by Canada. On the whole the topic concerning sanctions imposed on Russia is widely discussed and raises many disputes about the real nature of the sanctions and the aims the countries pursue.

Paradiplomacy of the Canadian Province Ontario in the 21st Century

The article examines the paradiplomatic activity of the Canadian province Ontario which is one of the most active entities of Canada in the international arena of the XXI century. The author pays attention to the main Ontario’s directions of international activity and the relation of the province’s paradiplomacy with the policy of the Federal center in the XXI century. The article also considers the main reasons for the development of paradiplomacy in Canada.

Use of Resources of the Caspian Sea through the Prism of Kazakhstan Interest in the 1990s and Early 2000s

The article explores the development of transport and logistics corridors of the Caspian region through the prism of Kazakhstan’s national interests and geopolitical competition between the leading actors. The author also analyzes the foreign policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, pointing to the fact that the country managed to maintain a balanced course and to be balanced with all players in the region.