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Zolotarev A. Y. Ordeals in Anglo-norman England. Izvestiya of Saratov University. History. International Relations, 2018, vol. 18, iss. 3, pp. 314-318. DOI:

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Ordeals in Anglo-norman England


The article deals with ordeals («iudicium Dei») and their features after the Conquest compared with those of Anglo-Saxon age and contemporary continental practice. An introduction of the trial by battle, well-known in France, but unknown in England prior to 1066 is given. Meanwhile, common for pre-Conquest ordeal by hot iron was continued to be used with the help of the English Church, which controlled it. In addition it must be kept in mind that there are few real cases of ordeals known from sources, contradictory to the subsequent age of the Plantagenets.

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