Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)


The role of Emelyan Mikhailovich Yaroslavsky in the anti-religious campaign of the 1930s (By the example of the Saratov Volga region)

Based on archival materials, the author of the article analyzes the activities of the Union of Militant Atheists in the Saratov Volga region and the role of the leader of this organization in the 1930s. Examples of the activities of the organization are given, both within the framework of anti-religious agitation and propaganda of the communist ideology, and as an initiator of the closure of churches and prayer houses of all faiths. Emelyan Yaroslavsky is characterized as the main ideologist of state atheism.

Fighting church on the site in 1930: On the behavior of the Party and Soviet functionaries of the grass-roots level managers and ordinary believers

The article analyzes the relationship between the party and the grass-roots level Soviet functionaries and ordinary believers associated with the withdrawal from the church temples during the anti-religious campaign of the 1930s. Reconstructed model of behavior of participants of relations, explains the reasons for relatively easy win over the believers.


В статье автор предпринимает попытку проанализировать ситуацию и условия, в которых происходила реализация Декрета Советского правительства об отделении церкви от государства и школы от церкви на региональном уровне, на примере Саратовского Поволжья. Опираясь на архивные источники, автор характеризует формы и методы проведения в жизнь Декрета большевиками. Опираясь на большой фактический материал, автор приходит к выводу о том, что реализация Декрета в Саратовском Поволжье по ряду причин проходила медленно и к началу 1920-х гг.

Государственно-церковные отношения в Саратовском Поволжье в середине 1920-х годов

В статье автор на материалах Саратовского Поволжья рассматривает политику Советского государства в отношении церкви и религиозных организаций в 1920-е гг. Существенно изменившийся статус церкви регулировался новыми нормативно-правовыми актами советской власти. Большое внимание уделялось антирелигиозной пропаганде, которая была призвана вытеснить из сознания верующих религиозные предрассудки.

Ordeals in Anglo-norman England

The article deals with ordeals («iudicium Dei») and their features after the Conquest compared with those of Anglo-Saxon age and contemporary continental practice. An introduction of the trial by battle, well-known in France, but unknown in England prior to 1066 is given. Meanwhile, common for pre-Conquest ordeal by hot iron was continued to be used with the help of the English Church, which controlled it. In addition it must be kept in mind that there are few real cases of ordeals known from sources, contradictory to the subsequent age of the Plantagenets.

London under the Tudors: Social Aspect (Based on the Wills)

The article is devoted to the study of the social aspect of the life of Tudor London. On the material of the wills the author shows that the majority of the testators are artisans, small traders and merchants of the «Twelve Great Livery Companies» of London. Also, there are representatives of the service sector, gentry and the emerging intelligentsia. Among the recipients of the inheritance numerous church institutions of the city are mentioned. Some wills belong to women: wives or widows of merchants and artisans.

Religion and Soviet Society in the Works of American Observers of the 1930s

The article is devoted to the analysis of American observers’ views on the status of religion in the Soviet society in the 1930s. There were two different groups among them: engineers and workers who came to participate in the industrialization of the USSR, and professional journalists from the United States. Perceiving the socio-political processes that took place in our counrty often in different ways, the American observers agreed on one position.

Social Image of London of the 14th Century through the Wills

The article on the material of wills examines the social side of the life of Londoners in the era of the late Plantagenets. The author finds out that the majority of testaments refers to a professional community: to merchants and mongers, to artisans and workers in the service sector, as well as to the nascent intelligentsia and administrative apparatus. These categories are disproportionate – the majority of testators belong to the merchants and craftsmen of the townspeople.

Charity in London under the Tudors: Gender Perspective

The article examines a charity in London at the end of the 15th–16th Centuries based on the material of the wills of merchants and artisans and their widows. The directions of the citizens‘s charity are identified: Church, social, cultural and educational, and specific forms of their manifestation are characterized from a gender perspective.

The Soviet State and Religious Organizations in the 70s XX Century (Based on the Materials of the Ryazan Region)

The author of the publication analyzes the religious policy of the Soviet state in the 70s of the twentieth century. The main stages of the evolution of the religious policy of the state in the field of lawmaking, as well as the features of its implementation in relation to religious organizations, are analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the process of relations between the Council for Religious Affairs under the Government of the USSR and the Ryazan authorized Council with specific communities of believers of different faiths.