Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)


Великая Отечественная война

Военная помощь Советского Союза национально-освободительному движению Югославии в годы Второй мировой войны

В период Второй мировой войны Советский Союз оказал широкомасштабную и многоплановую военную помощь национально-освободительному движению Югославии. Эта деятельность имела несколько основных направлений. В СССР было организовано обучение югославских военнослужащих, в том числе с одновременным созданием из их числа воинских формирований. Происходило также формирование воинских частей и обучение их личного состава на территории Югославии.

«Начальный период Великой Отечественной войны и депортация российских немцев: взгляды и оценки через 70 лет»

25–29 августа 2011 г. в национальном исследовательском Саратовском государственном университете им. Н. Г. Чернышевского состоялась Третья международная научная конференция «Начальный период Великой Отечественной войны и депортация российских немцев: взгляды и оценки через 70 лет», ставшая новым серьёзным шагом на пути исследования истории российских немцев в ХХ веке.

River crossings in the USSR transportation system in war time (the case of the Lower Volga during the Great Patriotic War)

The paper deals with Volga river crossings as a vital means of transportation during the Great Patriotic War. The information on river crossings work before and duringthe Battle of Stalingrad are summarized, systematized and supplemented. The changes intheir number, location and work in fighting are traced. The results of Volga crossings work are established. The conclusion on Volga crossings vital importance for evacuation as well is made.

Saratov village during the Great Patriotic War: The mobilization policy of the state and the practice of survival

The article examines the state of agriculture and the financial situation of rural residents of the Saratov region during the Great Patriotic War from the point of view of the mobilization model of the Soviet economy. The specific indicators and ways of implementing the state policy in the region to maximize the mobilization of human, logistical, food and financial resources of the village in the interests of the army, the impact of this factor on the livelihoods of the population are analyzed.

Key aspects of military everyday life of tank soldiers during the Great PatrioticWar (On the example of the 50th and 51st tank brigades)

The article deals with such aspects ofmilitary everyday life ofthe 50th and 51sttank brigades duringthe Great Patriotic War as problems of nutrition, clothing allowance, sanitary and hygienic conditions and housing. The source base of the study was the documents of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, methodological manuals, as well as memories of veterans. The conclusion about the importance of solving these issues in a comfortable, as far as possible, arrangement of life for tank soldiers is formulated.

THE DEFENCE-INDUSTRY COMPLEX OF SARATOV AT THE YEARS OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR: THE PROBLEMS OF FORMIRATION AND ACTIVITY

In the article is considered the development of the military production and others branchs of the Saratov`s industry at the years of the Great Patriotic War, that were presented the interrelated defence-industry complex. It is described the process of his establishment, compo- nents, the type of the problems, being solved and totals of the activity.

The aborigine alteration in the Big World War: suits and deliberations in the historiography of problem

The article is devoted to the reflection in soviet and modern russian historiography of the aborigine alteration`s  problem  in the Big World War 1941-1945 years. It is showed the formiration of conception and her specifics on different historiography stages. Particularly attention is spared to advisement of discussions of the begining`s time of aborigine alteration during the War

Changes in the structure of the population of the Saratov Volga region during the Great World War (1941–1945)

In article there are considered quantitative and qualitative changes in the structure of the population of the Saratov Volga region in 1941–1945 years. They were caused by the migration processes (military and labor mobilization, deportation of Germans, evacuation, resettlement), and factors of natural movement.

Incomes and Consumption of Saratov Region Population during World War II (1941–1945)

The article describes the factors that influenced the level of life and material position of Saratov region urban and rural population in the military conditions of 1941-1945. The problems of receiving incomes from different sources, taxation, the system of state and individual food and primary necessities supply are considered.

ОСНОВНЫЕ НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ АДРЕСНОЙ СОЦИАЛЬНОЙ ПОДДЕРЖКИ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ В ГОДЫ ВЕЛИКОЙ ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННОЙ ВОЙНЫ: ОПЫТ САРАТОВСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ

В статье на примере Саратовской области рассматривается важная составляющая социальной политики Советского государства в годы Великой Отечественной войны – оказание адресной поддержки слабо защищенным слоям населения. Анализируются характер и масштабы мер материальной помощи семьям военнослужащих, инвалидам войны, матерям и детям, людям, пострадавшим от авиационных бомбардировок. Показывается, что патерналистская социальная политика государства сочеталась с общественной взаимопомощью.

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