Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)


Place and Role of Collective Farms in Agricultural Production Years 1950–2000 (A Brief Historiographical Analysis)

The article contains a historiographical analysis of the role of collective farming in agriculture 1950–2000 years. Relying on the works of local historians, using a wide of source material, the author seeks to highlight the ambiguity and contradictions of collective farming of the period.

Features of Collective Farming, 1950–1960

The article covers the period 1950–1960. how the transition of agriculture to intensive development. Drawing on the work of local historians, using a wide of source material, the author seeks to highlight the ambiguity and contradictions of state policy in the collective-farm production.

What is «Legal Populism»?

In this article the author investigates and analyses the content of the notion «legal populism». He makes personal stuff of legal populist precise. A new typology of legal populist thought is proposed. Different points of view of scientists on the theme are analyzed.


One of the outstanding statemen and public figures of the Russia of the 40s – 60s of the 19th century was Avraam Sergeyevich Norov.He devoted his life to serving Russia which he loved sincerely and unselfishly. In 1812 A. S. Norov, a young boy of 17, defended his Motherland from the enemy. In 1854–1858 holding the post of the Minister of People`s Education he contributed with all his efforts to the development of education in the country. A. S. Norov made a significant contribution to the formation and development of native Oriental Studies.

Why and how I became the historian?

Memories of Professor Anatoliy Avrus are devoted his way in historical science. He tells how he became interested in history and why did he join the history department of Saratov State University. He shares his own experience of choosing topics for research, writing dissertations and working in archives. The author gives some advice to young researchers who start their way in historical science

On the Possibility and Prospects of Deciphering Monograms on the Anonymous Obols of the Bosporus Coinage

It is not for the first century that the study of numismatics of ancient Bosporus is continued. The result has been the description of many kinds of coins of this coinage. In their classification, scientists paid attention to both the image and the legend, including those ciphered in monograms. The subject of this study was the ligatures from anonymous obols of Bosporus coinage. The fact is that neither they nor their similarities have been deciphered yet. However, in these notations, the names Padr and Itro were recognized.

Horace Walpole about the History and Historians

The article is an attempt to analyze the English type of Enlightenment, using the historical views of H. Walpole, an 18th century English intellectual. Horace Walpole was a typical dilettante with wide interests. His views on history and historians, as well as his own historical works demonstrate many peculiarities of the “enlightenmental” approach to history.

On the Problem of Development of Source Base on History in Russia in the Middle of the 19th Century

The article is concerned with the government policy in the field of publication of scientific origins connected with activities of Russian Historical association in Moscow University. The government activity in scientific sphere was connected with ideology. Ministry of enlightenment tried to prohibit publication of ‘harmful’ books. The author concludes that government interference into scientific affairs could not be unlimited. Russian university scientists protested against administrative influence into development of science and publication of historical sources.

V. F. Totomianz – Historian, Theorist and Propagandist of Russian Cooperation

The contribution to the history and theory of the cooperative movement by the outstanding Russian scientist V. F. Totomianz, author of numerous works, encyclopedic essays on the history and theory of international and Russian cooperation. The practical participation of the Totomianz in the work of cooperative congresses, which determined the direction of development of Russian cooperation, is analyzed. Particular attention is paid to teaching, research and advocacy in Russia and in exile.

«I find myself in Saratov in my sorrows…»: Pavel (Paisiy) Dubenskoy

The article compares biographical information about Pavel Dubenskoy, a large Volga industrialist of the 17th century, who later became the founder of the monastery in Saratov. One of Dubensky’s autographs dates back to 1682. This is an inscript on the book kept in the fund of the Regional Scientific Library of Saratov State University.