Izvestiya of Saratov University.

History. International Relations

ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)

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Krelenko D. M. The factor of the Canarian archipelago in the contexts of pacification Francoist Spain and hegemonic competition (1940–1942). Izvestiya of Saratov University. History. International Relations, 2023, vol. 23, iss. 1, pp. 79-87. DOI: 10.18500/1819-4907-2023-23-1-79-87, EDN: XDTLKA

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The factor of the Canarian archipelago in the contexts of pacification Francoist Spain and hegemonic competition (1940–1942)

Krelenko Denis M., Saratov State University

This article is devoted to highlighting the international problems of the initial period of World War II that arose around the status of Gibraltar and the Canary Islands. Spain maintained military-political neutrality in the war. The countries participating in the armed conflict (USA, Great Britain, Nazi Germany) tried to use the territories belonging to Spain to their advantage. In 1941–1942 the British leadership developed several options for subordinating the Canary Islands to the UK. The article deals with operations Bugler, Chatney, Puma and Pilgrim. The author analyzes the features of these projects and the reasons that did not allow them to be implemented. The attention is focused on the different positions of the USA and Great Britain on the status of Spain and the Canaries. The contradictions between the allied powers allowed Spain to save the Canary archipelago. The article concludes that the British strategy was flawed because it diverted large forces needed on other fronts of the world confrontation.

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