Izvestiya of Saratov University.

History. International Relations

ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)

For citation:

Pivovarova E. O. The Egyptian Policy of the First George Bush Jr. Administration: Formation and Evolution. Izvestiya of Saratov University. History. International Relations, 2019, vol. 19, iss. 1, pp. 76-80. DOI: 10.18500/1819-4907-2019-19-1-76-80

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 114)
Article type: 

The Egyptian Policy of the First George Bush Jr. Administration: Formation and Evolution

Pivovarova Elena O., Saratov State University

The article considers the policy of the First George W. Bush administration towards Egypt in the context of the neo-conservative approach. Factors of formation, main directions and results of the U. S. Egyptian policy during the period under review are analyzed.

  1. Work with others to defuse regional conflicts. The National Security Strategy, September 2002 // The White House. URL: http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/nsc/nss/2002/nss4.html (дата обращения: 15.02.2018).
  2. Steinberg J. Counter Terrorism : A New Organizing Principle for American National Security? // Brookings Review. Summer 2002. P. 4+. URL: http://www.brook.edu/press/review/rev-des.htm (дата обращения: 15.03.2018).
  3. Indyk M. Back to the Bazaar // Foreign Affairs. 2002. Vol. 81, № 1. January/February.
  4. Hammond A. Cairo Communiquй. With Popular Amr Moussa at Arab League, Mubarak Names a Kinder, Gentler New Foreign Minister // Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. July 2001. P. 33. URL: https://www.wrmea.org/2001-july/with-popular-amr-moussa-at-arab-leaguemu... (дата обращения: 15.03.2018).
  5. Al-Sayyid M. The Impact of 9/11 on the Middle East // Middle East Policy. 2002. Vol. 9, № 4. December. P. 76.
  6. The Future of U.S.-Egyptian Relations : Hearing before the Subcommittee on the Middle East and Central Asia of the Committee on International Relations. House of Representatives. One Hundred Eighth Congress. Second Session. June 16, 2004. U.S. Government Printing Office. Washington, 2004. P. 20.
  7. Williams R. Bright Star : Almost Business as Usual // The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. 2001. October 15. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policyanalysis/view/bright-star-almos... (дата обращения: 12.03.2018).
  8. Senators Accuse Saudis, Egyptians of Hedging – War on Terror (by Correspondent in Washington) // The Australian. 2001. October 23.
  9. Public Law 107–115–Jan. 10, 2002. Foreign Operations, Export Financing and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2002. 107th Congress // Congress.gov. URL: https://www.congress.gov/bill/107thcongress/house-bill/2506?q=%7B%22sear... (дата обращения: 12.03.2018).
  10. Fishbein R. Denial on the Nile // Jerusalem Post. 2001. September 28.
  11. Blanche E. US Arms Sales to Arabs Trigger Israeli Alarms // Middle East. 2002. March 28.
  12. Lancaster J. U.S.-Egypt Arms Deal Questioned ; Critics in Congress Cite Impact on Israel // The Washington Post. 2001. November 27.
  13. Prados A. Middle East : Attitudes toward the United States. CRS Report for Congress. Congressional Research Service. The Library of Congress. 2001. December 31. P. 17–18.
  14. Allam A. Egypt Hopes for Free Trade Pact with U.S. // New York Times. 2002. March 6.
  15. Clawson P., Hawthorne A. Assessing the $959 Million in Accelerated Economic Aid to Egypt // The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. 2002. January 7. URL: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/assessing-the-95... (дата обращения: 18.03.2018).
  16. Spolar C., Franklin S. Egypt’s Mubarak Comes to U.S. in Effort to Reclaim Role as Mideast Peace Broker // Knight Ridder Tribune News Service. 2002. March 1.
  17. Curtiss R. The Pentagon’s Dynamic Duo : Richard Perle and Paul Wolfowitz // Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. 2003. April. P. 14–15, 90. URL: https://www.wrmea.org/2003-april/the-pentagon-s-dynamic-duo-richard-perl... (дата обращения: 13.04.2018).
  18. Marquis C. U.S., Protesting Rights Leader’s Sentence, Halts New Aid to Egypt // New York Times. 2002. August 16.
  19. Schneider H. Egypt Dismisses U.S. Stand against Extra Aid // The Washington Post. 2002. August 16.
  20. Шмелёва Т. А. Иракский кризис и египетско-иракские отношения // Институт Ближнего Востока. 2003. 13 января. URL: http://www.iimes.ru/?p=276#more-276 (дата обращения: 02.05.2018).
  21. Шмелёва Т. А. В преддверии войны с Ираком : позиция арабских стран // Институт Ближнего Востока. 2002. 24 декабря. URL: http://www.iimes.ru/?p=249#more-249 (дата обращения: 02.05.2018).
  22. McGrath C. Politics-Egypt : U.S. Fails to Win Support over Iraq // Global Information Network. 2002. October 12.
  23. Krauss C. Egypt-U.S. Relationship Is Strained by Iraq Crisis // New York Times. 2002. December 17.
  24. Glain S. Questions Are Raised on US Aid Plan for Nations Mideast Analysts, Lawmakers Query Funds Proposal // Boston Globe. 2003. March 31.
  25. Public Law 108–11–Apr. 16, 2003. Making Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations for the Fiscal Year 2003, and for Other Purposes Act. 108th Congress // Congress. gov. URL: https://www.congress.gov/bill/108thcongress/house-bill/1559/text?q=%7B%2... (дата обращения: 26.03.2018).
  26. Wattad N. U.S. Attack on Iraq Provokes Anger across the Arab World // Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. May 2003. P. 19, 88. URL: https://www.wrmea.org/2003-may/u.s.-attack-on-iraq-provokes-anger-across... (дата обращения: 26.04.2018).
  27. Said M. Potential Egyptian Contribution to a Security Framework in the Gulf // Middle East Policy. 2004. Vol. 11, № 3. P. 66.
  28. Sipress A. Friction over Egypt’s Role in Regional Issues Strains Relations with U.S. // The Washington Post. 2003. May 25.