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Interaction of Ministry of Foreign Affairs with the Press under the Ministry of A. P. Izvolsky

The article considers history of cooperation of Ministry of Foreign Affairs with the press under the ministry of A. P. Izvolsky, based on materials of Archive of Russian Empire Foreign Policy, which has not previously been the object of a special historical research for the specified period of time. Key directions of work with the press are determined and characterized. Special attention is given to the organization of telegraph agency work, a primary source of information that newspapers based their publication materials on.

The Dismantling of the Single Union and the Soviet System of the International Relations in August – December 1991

The article analyzes the specifics of the process of dismantling the Union state and the Soviet mechanism of interethnic interaction. The events associated with the birth of a new geopolitical reality in the former Soviet Union are studied. The sources of future conflicts in the emerging post-Soviet space are studied. The conclusion about the mobilizing value of ethno-nationalism as the main driving force in the disintegration of a single state is made.

Sergey Savelyev’s Unfulfilled Revolution

The article is devoted to the analysis of S. I. Savelyev’s works in the context of evolution of Russian historiography of the collectivization. The author notices that Savelyev began his career as the consecutive supporter of ideas of historiographic revolution during 1980-1990s. However, subsequently he offered revision of these approaches and estimates. The author considers the evolution of the views of the historian as an example of changes of events in 1990-2000s in an agrarian historiography.

Cavalry in the Alexander I’s Reign: Reception of the 18th Century Military Experience

The development of cavalry art in Russia is associated with the history of cavalry. We research one of the most significant periods in Russian military history – the Alexander I’s reign era (1801–1825), in the context of military discourse. A prominent role in this process played by the reception of military experience of the previous century is identified. The emphasis is on the three phases of cavalry modernization: 1801–1807, 1808–1814 and 1815–1825. The analysis made it possible to characterize the dynamics of the development of cavalry art in different periods of Alexander I’s reign.

On the History of Domestic Acculturation of the Kazakhs and the Tatars in the Russian Empire of the 19th Century

Cohabitation of the Tatars and the Kazakhs in the Russian Empire brought to life a process of mutual acculturation. On the basis of testimonies of contemporaries, its manifestations in everyday life were reconstructed: changes in traditions related to home improvement, food intake, attitudes towards clothing items. It is concluded that the recorded changes are fundamental and allow us to speak on a concrete example of the gradual formation of a single social and cultural space of the Empire.

Books and their Readers in Russia in the Second Half of the 19th and the Beginning of the 20th Century (on Materials of the Vyatka Province)

This article examines the question of how the development of education and librarianship influenced the changing interests of readers in Russia in the second half of XIX and the early XX century. The author relies on the study of published and archival materials of the Vyatka province. The comparative analysis of the data of the Zemstvo and library statistics gives the basis to draw a conclusion about the relationship between the readers’ demand and the increase in the number of students of educational institutions.

Fiction and Historical Truth in Boris Savinkov’s Memoirs

The article analyzes the literary creativity of one of the leaders of the Socialist Revolutionary Party, Boris Savinkov. The influence of creativity on the reliability of memoirs is investigated. From the standpoint of documentary facts, the objectivity of Savinkov’s memoirs as a historical source is considered. The author explores the reasons that prompted Savinkov to write memoirs. The author investigates the importance attached to the memoirs. The influence of memoirs on his contemporaries is investigated. Literary descriptions are compared with historical reality.

Some Pages of the Biography of N. M. Druzhinin: the Personality of the Historian

The article is devoted to the study of little-known facts of the biography of the famous Soviet historian – Nikolai Mikhailovich Druzhinin. On the basis of unpublished archival materials, memoirs and diaries of the scientist, new pages in the biography of Druzhinin, which cover the period from 1886 to 1904 are presented. Family relationships, education, lifestyle – all this formed the inner world, the features of the personality of Druzhinin. For researchers of academic activity of the historian such facts are necessary for understanding formation of Druzhinin as а scientist.

Educational Institutions of the System of Labor Reserves: Methods and Results of Solving Personnel Problems of the Soviet Industry in the Postwar Years

The article deals with the problem of functioning in the post war period of educational institutions of the system of labor reserves-schools of the Federal district, vocational and railway schools. The goals, methods and results of these institutions are outlined. There are marked deformities in the functioning of the system associated with the use of methods of coercion against mobilized, as well as unsatisfactory material and living conditions provided to students. The causes and vectors of reforming the system of labor reserves in the late 1940s-early 1950s are identified.

Attitude towards children in the English factories in the first half of the XIX century (based on reports and memories of contemporaries)

In this article author tries to review and set on the basis of reports of parliamentary committees and workers memories, what was the attitude towards children working in the industry in England the first half of the XIX century. The author comes to the conclusion that the children were corporeal punished. In one case, they stimulate the work of children in the other - carrying a sadistic character, brought pleasure to those who struck the victim.

«Highland Dress as a sort of Military Dress»: administrative ethnography of the «The Highland Problem» of Great Britain in 1689–1759

The article analyses the views of the British officials responsible for the appeasement of the Scottish Highlands in time of Jacobite rebellions and conspiracy (1689–1759) on the Highlanders. Especially material concerns with the representation, interpretation and the use of the ethnographic information about them in the appeasement of the Highlands. The rhetoric strategies of that «inventive» and «imaginative» discourse of the British officials’ narratives and its strategic political and military aims, role and issues are also the subjects of this analysis. 

Е. Burke and C. Macaulay`s viewpoints on the evaluation of French revolution

This article describesand analyzes thedebates for problem of the French Revolution betweentwo greatEnglishwriters of  XVIIIcentury,Edmund Burkeand CatharineMacaulay

Perspectives of the ‘New Silk Road’ Strategy in the context of NATO withdrawal from Afghanistan

The article focused on the issue of implementation of the ‘New Silk Road’ strategy. Author analyses the key conditions, risks and opportunities, which may affect the success of the Project. It also examined the role of Central Asian countries, as well as the Mid Eastern partners, China and Russia in the field strengthening of regional security after 2014

Ahmet Davutoglu’s conception of Turkish foreign policy

The article focuses on the issue of change of Turkish Republic’s foreign policy line under the influence of Ahmet Davutoglu’s conception. It examines the reasons which had led Turkey to the necessity of foreign policy priorities’ change and prospects of formation of Turkey as regional power. It also presents the principles that form the basis of new foreign policy line and objectives of Turkish foreign policy for the next decade

The «Trouble Spot» of the Andean Region: Colombia and Venezuela at the Beginning of the XXI-st Century

The article considers the reasons of modern Colombia-Venezuela tension. The special attention of the author is focused on the position and the role of the United States in the development of the conflict situation

REMARKS ABOUT SEPARATLY PROBLEMS OF THE HISTORICAL SCIENCE

The author indicate the principal problems of the modern historic science: problems of research of the traditional epochs, the general ideas, conceptions, the place of Marxism in historic methodology and etc

THE AGRARIAN LAW OF GAIUS SEMPRONIUS GRACCHUS IN NARRATIVE AND EPIGRAPHIC EVIDENCE

This article considers the ancient evidence for agrarian law of Gaius Sempronius Gracchus. On the basis of re-examination of our literary and epigraphic sources author criticizes the view that this law was identical to the lex Sempronia agraria of 133 bC. he tries to define the categories of public land, which was distributed among Roman citizens during the agrarian reform of 123–122 bC.

ÆLFRIC’S HOMILY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT «ESTHER» IN THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF LATE SAXON ENGLAND

The article focuses on the Old Testament book of Esther and various aspects of its cultural adaptation in the homiletic writings of abbot Ælfric of Eynshem. Considering Ælfric’s homily on «Esther» the author examines early English Сhurch’s ideas of exemplary queenship, and concludes that in his retelling of the biblical plot Ælfric attempted to find a solution to crucial political issues of his time. he called his compatriots for prayer and Christian faith – the virtues he regarded as major weapons for defending England against heathens

THE BACON’S METAPHYSICAL HISTORISM

The bacon’s interpretation of the Six Days of Creation myth is considered in this article. It shows the limitation of the knowledge- based progress idea. The bacon’s interpretation testifies that it is on«the fourth day» when the abstract reason framework is completed.«The fifth day» brings humans back to the aesthetic world perceptionwhile «the sixth day» unfolds the secret of human race destiny inhistorical experience. According to this principle universal history ofSpirit was developed by bacon adherents.

FRENCH MEDIEVAL LITERATURE IN HISTORICAL CONCEPT OF HUMANIST E. PASQUIER

The paper deals with a problem of reception of medieval French literature during the Renaissance in France. The auther claimes the thesis of formation of two points of view with that matter. The critical one formed by theoriciens of «Pleiade», and evolutional by humanist and Ronsard’s friend E. Pasquier. The late proposed the concept of unity of medieval and Renaissance French literature as well as unity of literature of langu’d’oil and langue d’oc and stating the influence of oxitaine literature on the genesis of early Renaissance Italian poesy.

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