Cite this article as:

Kochetov D. V. A friend among foes, a foe among friends: Ascari, Amedeo Guillet and the formation of Eritrean identity in the context of Italian colonialism in the late nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth centuries. Izvestiya of Saratov University. History. International Relations, 2021, vol. 21, iss. 1, pp. 67-71. DOI: https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-4907-2021-21-1-67-71


UDC: 
94 (6)
Language: 
Russian

A friend among foes, a foe among friends: Ascari, Amedeo Guillet and the formation of Eritrean identity in the context of Italian colonialism in the late nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth centuries

Abstract

The article draws attention to the extraordinary, by African standards, respect in Eritrea for the soldiers of the Italian colonial troops, the Ascari, and even for some of their Italian officers, such as Amedeo Guillet. The author reveals the reason for this respect, which was not present in another former Italian colony Libya. After studying the materials on the number and combat path of the Ascari, colonial Libya, Eritrea, and Italy’s policy in it, the author came to the conclusion that Italian colonialism from a clean slate formed an anti-Ethiopian identity in Eritrea. It was expressed in the Ascari who played an important role in the war of independence from Ethiopia that began in 1961. Its roots go back to 1896 when Ethiopians mutilated Eritrean prisoners after the battle of Adwa.

References
  1. Sarcozy admits France abandoned Algerian loyalists // France 24. URL: https://www.france24.com/en/20120414-france-algeria-war-of-independenceh... (дата обращения: 09.06.2020).
  2. Skeletal Remains of Degiat Bahta Hagos Laid to Rest // Eritrea Profi le. 2007. Vol. 14, № 1. URL: https://web.archive.org/web/20070312160915/ (дата обращения: 09.06.2020).
  3. Rochat G. Le guerre italiane 1935–1943. Dall’impero d’Etiopia alla disfatta. Torino : Giulio Einaudi editores, 2005. P. 41.
  4. Spina N. L’Angolo della storia. Giuliano Vanghetti e le mutilazioni degli ascari : quando compassione e sensibilita scatenarono l’ingegno // Giornale italiano di Ortopedia e Traumatologia. 2009. № 5. P. 171–172.
  5. Silvestri D. Eritrea – Etiopia : una guerra “assurda” tra “fratelli” ? Pisa : Universita di Pisa, 2011. P. 116–117.
  6. Del Boca A. Il colonialismo italiano tra miti, rimozioni, negazioni e inadempienze // Italia contemporanea. 1998. № 212. P. 597–598.
  7. Amedeo Guillet. La legenda del Comandante Diavolo (документальный фильм государственного телевидения Италии Rai Edu) // YouTube. URL: https://www.youtube.com (дата обращения: 08.06.2020).
  8. In the Memory of Awate, the History Maker // Reconciliation. URL: https://web.archive.org/web/20081116003808/http://www.awate.com/ (дата обращения: 09.06.2020).
  9. Back to Eritrea, 2000 // The Man on the White Horse. URL: http://www.amedeoguillet.com/post-war/ (дата обращения: 09.06.2020).
  10. Ascari mutilati del piede sinistro e della mano destra in seguito alla loro partecipazione alla guerra del 1896 in cui furono fatti prigionieri // Alinari. URL: https://www.alinari.it/it/dettaglio/ (дата обращения: 29.07.2020).
Short text (in English): 
Full text (in Russian):