Izvestiya of Saratov University.

History. International Relations

ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)

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Zinovieva E. A. English Dissenters in Discussion on Matters of American Independence. Izvestiya of Saratov University. History. International Relations, 2012, vol. 12, iss. 3, pp. 27-30. DOI: 10.18500/1819-4907-2012-12-3-27-30

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English Dissenters in Discussion on Matters of American Independence

Zinovieva Ekaterina Andreevna, Moscow Pedagogical State University

The article deals with the problem of relations of the English «rational» dissenters to the American Revolution and independence. Analysis is based on works of the key figures of dissenter’s movement, who had a great influence on English and American social and religious life in the late XVIII century.

  1. Bonwick C. English Radicals and the American Revolution. Chapel Hill, 1977 ; Sheldon S. C. British supporters of the American revolution, 1775–1783 : the role of the ‘middling level’ activists. N. Y., 2004 ; Bradley J. E. Religion, Revolution and the English Radicalism. Nonconformity in Eighteenth-Century Politics and Society. Cambridge, 1990 ; Bell J. B. A War of Religion. Dissenters, Anglicans, and the American Revolution. N. Y., 2008 ; Bowers J. D. Joseph Priestley and English Unitarianism in America. Pennsylvania State University, 2007 ; Mills S.Joseph Priestley and the Intellectual Culture of Rational Dissent, 1752–1796. L., 2009.
  2. Oxford dictionary of the Christian Church. Oxford, 1997. Р. 490.
  3. Английские диссентеры были ограничены в религиозных правах и, несмотря на акт о веротерпимости 1689 г., подвергались дискриминации. Это выражалось в том, что их священники должны были давать присягу о признании 39 статей елизаветинской реформации; от диссентеров требовалась регистрация их объединений у местного епископа или мирового судьи; они должны были проводить свои богослужения открыто, платить десятину англиканской церкви и т. д. (cм.: Семенов С. Б. Радикальное движение и борьба за парламентскую реформу в Англии во второй половине XVIII в. Самара, 2008. С. 152.)
  4. Bonwick С. Op. cit. P. XIII.
  5. Lovegrove D. W. Established Church, Sectarian People, Itinerancy and the transformation of English Dissent, 1780– 1830. Cambridge, 1988. P. 197.
  6. Sheldon S. C. Op. cit. P. 14.
  7. Price R. Observations on the Nature of Civil Liberty, the Principles of Government, and the Justice and Policy of the War with America. L., 1776.
  8. Sheldon S. C. Op. cit. P. 29.
  9. Price R. Observations on the Nature of Civil Liberty… P. 5–6.
  10. Ibid. P. 7–8.
  11. Ibid. P. 10.
  12. Ibid. P. 11.
  13. Ibid.
  14. Ibid. P. 22–24.
  15. Price R. Observations on the Importance of the American Revolution, and the Means of Making it a Benefit to the World. L., 1785. P. 9.
  16. Ibid. P. 34–50.
  17. Sheldon S. C. Op. cit. P. 138.
  18. Priestley J. An Essay on the First Principles of Government, and on the Nature of Political, Civil, and Religious Liberty. L., 1771. P. 47–48.
  19. Ibid. P. 112.
  20. Priestley J. An Address to Protestant Dissenters of all Denominations on the Approaching Election of Members of Parliament, with Respect to the State of Public Liberty in General, and of American Affairs in Particular. L., 1774. P. 5–6.
  21. Sheldon S. C. Op. cit. P. 21–22.
  22. Moon N. S. Caleb Evans : founder of the Bristol Education Society. Bristol, 1971. P. 23.
  23. Caleb Evans. British constitutional liberty : A sermon, preached in Broad-Mead. Bristol, 1775. P. 10.
  24. Sheldon S. C. Op. cit. P. 54.