Izvestiya of Saratov University.

History. International Relations

ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)

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Yablonskaya O. V. Emigration of British minors to Canada: Reasons for resettlement from Great Britain. Izvestiya of Saratov University. History. International Relations, 2023, vol. 23, iss. 1, pp. 45-52. DOI: 10.18500/1819-4907-2023-23-1-45-52, EDN: RRCCPQ

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Emigration of British minors to Canada: Reasons for resettlement from Great Britain

Yablonskaya Olga V., National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Arzamas branch

The article examines the circumstances of emigration of children from Great Britain in the XIX–ХХ centuries based on the material of the sources. It is proved that the resettlement was caused by the pauperization of the urban population in the conditions of industrialization. In Canada, minors could be adopted or work on farms, as servants, receiving maintenance and wages. The children had to go to school. It was a prerequisite. Children’s emigration made it possible to fill the labor shortage in Canada, help in the development of the British periphery, strengthen the ties of the metropolis and overseas possessions. Emigration was also the deportation of an overweight population and juvenile delinquents. The lack of proper supervision has led to child abuse and exploitation. The author concludes, that the majority of British migrant children have adapted to Canada, have been given the opportunity to self-actualize.

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