Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)

Али Хаменеи


Статья посвящена анализу иранской инициативы по восстановлению дипломатических отношений с Египтом весной 2011 года. В основу инициативы легла концепция «Исламского пробуждения» аятоллы Али Хаменеи. Дается обзор основных мероприятий иранских властей по налаживанию контактов с революционными властями Египта после свержения Хосни Мубарака и выделяются причины провала иранских инициатив.

«Islamic Awakening» and «Syrian Spring»

The article analyzes the main provisions of the concept of «Islamic Awakening», which became the basis of the foreign policy doctrine of Iran in the period of «Arab spring». However, given the specifics of the development of events in 2011 in Syria, called the Syrian Spring, which did not fit into the concept of Islamic Awakening, the Iranian authorities were forced to “finalize” it.

Iran and the «Arab Peace Initiative» on Syria

Based on Iranian and Arabian sources, the article analyzes the formation of the «Arab peace initiative» on Syria, which was supposed to put an end to the 2011 Syrian crisis by regional states. The participation of Iran, the closest ally of Syria in the Middle East region, its reaction and the evolution of the approach to the «Arab initiative» as it is being implemented, is examined.