Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)

гражданская война

Политическое действие в первой филиппике Марка Туллия Цицерона

В статье рассматривается первая филиппика против Марка Антония. Данная речь выступает в качестве источника, который раскрывает как определенные биографические обстоятельства в жизни Цицерона, так и его представления и идеалы, связанные с поведением политика.

Budyonny Versus Babel: Political Aspects of Controversy

The paper deals with the political background of S.M. Budenny’s essay The Babism of Babel. Based on archival documents it establishes the fact of major political campaign against A.K. Voronsky, the Chief Editor of the magazine Krasnaya Nov being prepared in the autumn 1924. That campaign was only a part of the wider campaign aimed against L.D. Trotsky, the member of Political Bureau. K. Ye. Voroshilov, the closest Stalin’s supporter in his struggle for power, initiated Budenny’s essay as well as the number of yet unpublished works against Babel’s Red Cavalry. S.N.

Charles VI – rex inutilis? (on the issue of the crisis of royal power in France at the beginning of the 15th century)

This article is devoted to the study of the features of the crisis of royal power in France at the beginning of the 15th century. He was provoked by the mental illness of King Charles VI, since in France there was no practice of transferring power in the event of the incapacity of the king to his sons. The situation was complicated by the fact that the heirs had not yet reached the age of majority. This circumstance caused a split among the relatives into two groups: supporters and opponents of the removal of the king from the throne.

The research of the All-Russian Local Council 1917–1918 and regional (district) Councils of the Russian Church in 1918–1920 in the modern Russian historiography

The author of the paper analyses modern scientific works in which the All-Russian Local Council 1917–1918 is examined. Moreover, the historiography of the regional (district) councils that took place in the Russian Church during the Local Council and the Civil war (All-Ukranian in Kyiv, Siberian in Tomsk, South-Eastern in Stavropol and also the attempt to convene the Council in the Far East), is researched. The author also talks about the key book series and publishing projects that have been accomplished during the last two decades.

Social Policy of Committee of Members of the Constituent Assembly (1918)

In article the main directions of social policy of Committee of members of the Constituent assembly, attempt of the solution of working and country questions in the conditions of Civil war in Russia are considered, the conflict reasons between the people and the power are analyzed.

Spanish Republican Fleet in 1936 Сampaign

Productive forces placement in Spain in XX c. made the country dependent on the control of the basic naval communications bordering the aquatorium. Military revolt, which broke out in 1936, made the situation even worse. However, it gave the Republic the opportunity to achieve sea superiority. Several failures of the Republican fleet during the first months of the Civil War and government policy of Madrid led to the sea blockade.

The concept of “brutalization” of society and its possibilities for analyzing the Great Russian Revolution

The article analyzesforeign historiography onthe problem of “brutalization” of society afterthe First World War. In particular,the works of historians of Western European universities, which do not have publications in Russian, are considered. The author attempts to correlate the conclusions of foreign researchers about the impact of the First World War on the “coarsening” of European society with the events that took place in Russia after 1917.

The beginning of the XXth century as the critical moment in the history of the Ural Cossacks: the positing of the problem

The article tells about the role of the Ural Cossacks before and during  the revolution of the 1917 and the civil war in Russia. The author points out the key issues, with may help to solve the problem of finding the reasons of the mutual hostility between the Ural Cossacks and the Soviet authority


В статье исследуется вопрос о направлениях пропаганды противников Гая Юлия Цезаря. Автор приходит к выводу, что сенатской оппозиции, лишенной возможности реально направлять политику Рима, удалось объединиться и выдвинуть политический лозунг восстановления государственного строя, освященного обычаями предков. Однако пропаганда заговорщиков затронула только верхние слои общества и оказалась бессильной повредить имидж Цезаря в общественном мнении.

Main directions of propaganda Gaius Julius Caesar

Article explores the question of the directions of propagation Gaius Julius Caesar. The author concludes that the Caesar's political propaganda, nominated more numerous, more powerful and meaningful slogans has helped defeat Pompey and his supporters in 49–45 years. BC.