Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)


Саратовская губерния

Socio-cultural Environment of Saratov Province District Towns: Fortress-cities in the Late 18th and Early 19th Centuries

The article examines socio-cultural environment (or cultural community) of Saratov province district towns that had been founded as fortresses: Tsaritsin, Kamyshin and Petrovsk. Their social structure did not differ much from that of the other district towns of the province. Their socio-cultural environment was dominated by folk culture marked by legends, traditions and relics that kept the memories of the war-time past of the fortress-cities alive.

Workers’ and Peasants’ Inspectorate in the Saratov governorate: Social and political practice (1920s)

Using the example of the Saratov governorate, the activity of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Inspectorate bodies aimed at finding the optimal model of control organization in a Soviet-type society is investigated. Techniques and methods directly or indirectly related to the involvement of workers in this work are analyzed on the material of archival sources. It is shown to what extent this practice corresponded to the course of the party and the government to attract citizens to the governance of the state.

Anniversary celebrations of 1912 in the Saratov Region

The article is devoted to the participation of the Saratov Region’s citizens in the activities devoted to the 100-year anniversary of the Patriotic war of 1812

Folk culture in the cities of Saratov province in the late XVIII - first half of the XIX cc.

The article describes the reasons that determined the significant role of Russian ethnic culture in the urban socio-cultural environment of Saratov province. Its manifestations in various spheres of city life and, in particular, in the look of these cities are based on written sources. For most county-level cities its influence on the cultural process was dominant. In the main city of the province its features were evident in spiritual and ceremonial life of the general population.

Государственный деятель царской России А. А. Зубов - потомок уральского заводчика А. Ф. Турчанинова: служебная карьера и личность

Статья посвящена одному из представителей государственного аппарата России пореформенного периода тайному советнику А. А. Зубову. На основе документов, выявленных в центральных и областных архивах страны, а также  ичного архива итальянских потомков Зубова, представлены история его семьи, этапы военной и гражданской карьеры.

ДЕКРЕТ ОБ ОТДЕЛЕНИИ ЦЕРКВИ ОТ ГОСУДАРСТВА И ЕГО РЕАЛИЗАЦИЯ В САРАТОВСКОМ ПОВОЛЖЬЕ В 1917–1920 ГОДАХ

В статье автор предпринимает попытку проанализировать ситуацию и условия, в которых происходила реализация Декрета Советского правительства об отделении церкви от государства и школы от церкви на региональном уровне, на примере Саратовского Поволжья. Опираясь на архивные источники, автор характеризует формы и методы проведения в жизнь Декрета большевиками. Опираясь на большой фактический материал, автор приходит к выводу о том, что реализация Декрета в Саратовском Поволжье по ряду причин проходила медленно и к началу 1920-х гг.

Migration State Policy and the Refugees of the First World War from Belarus in the Saratov Province (1915–1918)

Saratov province was one of more than 30 provinces in Russia, where since 1915 – early 1916 till 1923 there have been thousands of refugees from Belarus. Materials of the state archives of Saratov region helped to get a clear understanding about the scope, peculiarities and terms of assistance to refugees. Special attention is drawn to relationships between the local population and forced migrants.

Saratov Zemstvo and Prisoners of War During World War I

The given article considers problems related to the lack of working hands in agricultural sector of Saratov province during World War I. The author concludes that general mobilization most of all effected landlords’ farms of the province. One of the ways to solve the problem of workforce shortage was the wide-spread use of prisoners of war and refugees.

The Election to Volost Zemsto in the Saratov Province

This article aims to analyze the process of preparing and holding elections to volost zemstvo of the Saratov province in 1917. The author comes to the conclusion that reform of the volost zemstvo by Temporary Government did not achieve the desirable result due to the lack of development of the legislation in the sphere of competence of volost zemstvo and the lack of financial independence of the new structure and absenteeism among peasants.

Notes of Saratov Volunteers – the Participants of the Serbian-Turkish War of 1876 as a Historical Source

The article is devoted to the participation of military volunteers from Saratov in the Serbian-Turkish war of 1876. The author analyzes the texts of the notes of the Saratov military volunteers published in the publication of the regional press “Saratov fact sheet”. The article reveals the socio-psychological and political motives of military volunteers, their perception of the situation in the Balkans and the evolution of their sentiments from the moment they were sent from Russia to their direct participation in the hostilities and return from the war.

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