Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)

medieval city

The early history of the Czech city of Pilsen according to written sources and archaeological research

The article examines the early history of one of the largest historical cities of the Czech Republic – Pilsen. It is shown that the city went through two stages in its development: initially it was one of the most important regional towns of the medieval Bohemian state, and in 1295, in the immediate vicinity of the old settlement, a royal city was founded, endowed with self-government rights and other privileges on the basis of city law, which became the center of economic life and a point of concentration of the population.

The Tartar-Mongol Invasion and Urban Development in Central Europe

The article discusses the question of the Mongol invasion impact on the Central European countries (Poland, Bohemia and Hungary) urban development in the XIII century. It is concluded that the devastating consequences of the invasion accelerated the acceptation a new model of urban system in the Central European region, which was typologically akin to Western European urbanism.

Gniezno and Poznan in the XIII Century

The article analyzes the process of rivalry between two largest cities in Greater Poland, Gniezno and Poznan in the XIII century. During the Middle Ages both cities were the key centers of development of the Greater Poland region. Until the XIII century, there are some reasons to talk about the leading position of Gniezno. However, as a result of a number of factors that paradoxically contributed to the strengthening of Gniezno, in the XIII century Poznan comes to the fore.

The Town and Monastery in Medieval Bohemia (X–XIII Centuries)

The article discusses the interaction of the two most important institutions of medieval society – the town and monastery in the Bohemia of X–XIII centuries, the peculiarities of this interaction during a specified period. Particular attention is paid to the XIII century, during which the Czech society, including the city and the Church, underwent significant changes, and the political, legal and socioeconomic system of the Bohemia approached the Western European model of medieval development.