Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)


On the role of the Czechoslovak Corps in the Expansion of the Civil War in Russia

The book by M. A. Vasilchenko reveals the degree of participation of soldiers and officers of the Czechoslovak Corps at the initial stage of the Civil War in the Volga region. The monograph traces the process of transformation of Czech units from an integral part of the Russian army into a national military formation pursuing narrow national interests in the conditions of Civil War. The author introduces the concept of “autonomization” into scientific circulation, which is successful enough to describe this process.


В статье автор предпринимает попытку проанализировать ситуацию и условия, в которых происходила реализация Декрета Советского правительства об отделении церкви от государства и школы от церкви на региональном уровне, на примере Саратовского Поволжья. Опираясь на архивные источники, автор характеризует формы и методы проведения в жизнь Декрета большевиками. Опираясь на большой фактический материал, автор приходит к выводу о том, что реализация Декрета в Саратовском Поволжье по ряду причин проходила медленно и к началу 1920-х гг.

«These Bashi-Bazouks Locals are Worthy of Hatred», or the Reverse Side of the «Triumphal March of Soviet Power» in the Saratov Volga Region

The article attempts to rethink one of the clichés of Soviet historiography of the great Russian revolution, known as the «triumphal March» of the socialist revolution in the country. The author, on the basis of the analysis of sources of personal origin and materials of periodicals, considers political, moral and psychological collisions, and also characteristic features of usurpation of the power by Bolsheviks in Saratov and the cities of province after October revolution.

Phenomenon of Bolshevism as it is Perceived by Russian Emigration

The author considers the emigrant experience of understanding the Soviet regime that was born under the influence of Russian empire collapse and radical political transformations in 1917. Based on different sources, dynamic of Russian natives’ public moods throughout 1920 (the one that was affected by European life, inter-emigrant political struggle and Bolshevistic state-building) is analyzed.