Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)

Saratov province

Saratov governor M. N. Galkin-Vrasky and Chairman of the Moscow Slavic Committee I. S. Aksakov: Correspondence materials (1877–1878)

The published materials of the correspondence of the chairman of the Moscow Slavic Committee I. S. Aksakov and Saratov Governor M. N. Galkin-Vrasky chronologically refer to the prehistory and the beginning of the Russian-Turkish war of 1877–1878 and reveal a number of aspects of interaction between public organizations and the official authorities. An analysis of the content of the correspondence and its historical context reveals the importance of the social movement factor in the foreign policy activities of the Russian Empire.

Peat processing of the Saratov province in 1919–1921

The history of the peat industry both on the scale of Russia and in the regional framework of the Saratov province is a poorly studied topic. The article examines various aspects of the functioning of peat mining in Kuznetsk, Serdobsky, Petrovsky counties.

Socio-cultural Environment of Saratov Province District Towns: Fortress-cities in the Late 18th and Early 19th Centuries

The article examines socio-cultural environment (or cultural community) of Saratov province district towns that had been founded as fortresses: Tsaritsin, Kamyshin and Petrovsk. Their social structure did not differ much from that of the other district towns of the province. Their socio-cultural environment was dominated by folk culture marked by legends, traditions and relics that kept the memories of the war-time past of the fortress-cities alive.

Folk culture in the cities of Saratov province in the late XVIII - first half of the XIX cc.

The article describes the reasons that determined the significant role of Russian ethnic culture in the urban socio-cultural environment of Saratov province. Its manifestations in various spheres of city life and, in particular, in the look of these cities are based on written sources. For most county-level cities its influence on the cultural process was dominant. In the main city of the province its features were evident in spiritual and ceremonial life of the general population.

Migration State Policy and the Refugees of the First World War from Belarus in the Saratov Province (1915–1918)

Saratov province was one of more than 30 provinces in Russia, where since 1915 – early 1916 till 1923 there have been thousands of refugees from Belarus. Materials of the state archives of Saratov region helped to get a clear understanding about the scope, peculiarities and terms of assistance to refugees. Special attention is drawn to relationships between the local population and forced migrants.

Saratov Zemstvo and Prisoners of War During World War I

The given article considers problems related to the lack of working hands in agricultural sector of Saratov province during World War I. The author concludes that general mobilization most of all effected landlords’ farms of the province. One of the ways to solve the problem of workforce shortage was the wide-spread use of prisoners of war and refugees.

Notes of Saratov Volunteers – the Participants of the Serbian-Turkish War of 1876 as a Historical Source

The article is devoted to the participation of military volunteers from Saratov in the Serbian-Turkish war of 1876. The author analyzes the texts of the notes of the Saratov military volunteers published in the publication of the regional press “Saratov fact sheet”. The article reveals the socio-psychological and political motives of military volunteers, their perception of the situation in the Balkans and the evolution of their sentiments from the moment they were sent from Russia to their direct participation in the hostilities and return from the war.

Socio-psychological Factors of Perception in the Soldier Environment of Revolutionary Events of 1917 (According to the Materials of the Saratov Province)

The article analyzes the vicissitudes of revolutionary events in Russia through the prism of socio-cultural and socio-psychological dynamics of provincial society. The author’s research perspective is aimed at studying the mood of the soldiers ‘masses during the political crisis of 1917. The Author comes to the conclusion that the soldiers’ garrisons located in the largest cities of the country were mostly not ready to accept and support the democratic transformations of the new government.

The practice of publishing in the Saratov province in the 1920s literature for high school

Against the background of an acute shortage of educational literature in support of higher education in the 1920s, dozens of famous teachers of Saratov universities acted as authors of textbooks and manuals.