Izvestiya of Saratov University.
ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)


The “Shiite issue” in Iraqi-Iranian relations under Saddam Hussein

The article analyzes the views of Saddam Hussein, based on his statements regarding the “Shiite question”, which was originally based on the ideological heritage of the Ba’th, set out in the Constitution of 1951. However, under the influence of the processes that took place in Iraq throughout the 1970s, in particular the Kurdish national movement and the “Islamic awakening” of Shiites under the influence of the Iranian Revolution of 1979, Saddam Hussein was forced to adjust the ideas of the Ba’th to new realities.

The problem of the relationship between the government and Shiite Ulama in Iraq under Saddam Hussein (1970–1980s)

The article attempts to analyze the specifics of the position of the Shiite clergy in Iraq, associated with the traditional Islamic worldview of Shiites, who traditionally occupied a subordinate position in the Sunni political hierarchy. The article focuses on the period of the formation and strengthening of Saddam Hussein’s sole power, when he took the initiative to appease Shiites and Ulama, combining the policy of “carrot and stick”, considering Shiites as a potential threat to his secular power.

The Clinton Administration and the Formation of the Taliban Regime in Afghanistan (1993–1996)

The article is devoted to the study of the problem of the Clinton administration participation in the process of the Taliban movement coming to power in Afghanistan. Geopolitical and economic reasons of the American interest in the formation of a strong regime in the country along with the influence of other countries and private corporations on this process are also analyzed.