World History

The Religious Rebel Movements’ Phenomenon in Africa: the Holy Spirit Movement and the Lord’s Resistance Army

Religious factor is historically one of the main factors in the armed conflicts’ outbreak. This is especially pronounced in Africa, where the dogmas of world religions fancifully overlap with local traditional beliefs. In some cases, religious contradictions are at the root of conflicts, but much more often religious symbols are used to justify social and political demands.

The French Military Losses During the Wars of the First Empire

This article explores the irretrievable losses of the French army during the Napoleonic wars through analysis of the service records of soldiers stored in the French military archive (SHD, Vincennes, 20 YC). This source allows to estimate military losses much more accurately than individual reports, which help to sum up these losses. During the study, service records of the main part of the Napoleonic army, without guards and foreign regiments were reviewed. This is about 8,431 people.

The Role of Virginia in the Anticolonial Movement: Transition from the Colony to the State (1763–1776)

In this article the author studies the character of resistance of the colonial Virginia elite to the Acts of the British parliament which were passed after the end of the Seven Years’ War. The Virginians appeared to be the most united group among the colonial leaders.

Contribution of the Czech Typographer of the 16th Century Daniel Adam Veleslavin to the Dissemination of Historical Knowledge in the Czech Republic

This article deals with one aspect of publishing activities of the Czech typographer of the 16th century Daniel Adam Veleslavin, in particular his publication of translated works on history. The author analyzes this produce, and also reveals the role of the publications in cultural life of the Czech Republic of the 16th century.

Social and Economic Development of York in the First Third of the 16th Century

In the article the question of position of English country towns in the sphere of economy and social relations is considered. Based on materials of the documents of York processes which occurred in trade and city craft, occurrence of new modes of production and attempt of the city authorities to keep medieval privileges are traced.

London under the Tudors: Social Aspect (Based on the Wills)

The article is devoted to the study of the social aspect of the life of Tudor London. On the material of the wills the author shows that the majority of the testators are artisans, small traders and merchants of the «Twelve Great Livery Companies» of London. Also, there are representatives of the service sector, gentry and the emerging intelligentsia. Among the recipients of the inheritance numerous church institutions of the city are mentioned. Some wills belong to women: wives or widows of merchants and artisans.

The Teutonic Order’s Fight against the Archbishopric of Riga at the End of the XIII – the First Third of the XIV Century and Мythologization of the History of Foundation of the Order of the Brothers of the Sword

This article reveals the peculiarities of presenting the history of creation of the Order of the Brothers of the Sword in the oldest relic of Teutonic literary tradition – the Livonian Rhymed Chronicle. The article describes historical-political conditions prevailing in the early stages of peasant’s conquest of the South-East Baltics, mutual relations between the sword bearers and Livonian bishops.

The Basic Components of Problem of German Minorities in Eastern Europe after the First World War

In the history of Eastern Europe during the Second World War the problem of German Minorities was of special importance, meanwhile the ideas of revisionism and irredentism were popular among them in the interwar years. In order to understand the nature of these phenomena this article presents an analysis of the claims of the Germans to the conditions of their life in the interwar Eastern Europe.

One Spain – Two Bonapartes: Different Approaches of Governance?

The author explores the problem of interaction between Napoleon and King Joseph in Spain on the basis of a wide range of published and unpublished sources such as memoirs, correspondence, reports. The article shows that Napoleon’s plan, whose goal was joining Spain to the Federal system was influenced by the growth of people’s movement that England helped and disappointment in the political course of the Spanish king. The studied sources allow to conclude that a clear division of brothers’ approaches on the line: reform and force is incorrect.

Horace Walpole about the History and Historians

The article is an attempt to analyze the English type of Enlightenment, using the historical views of H. Walpole, an 18th century English intellectual. Horace Walpole was a typical dilettante with wide interests. His views on history and historians, as well as his own historical works demonstrate many peculiarities of the “enlightenmental” approach to history.