World History

Jan Iskra from Brandis and his role in the social and political struggles in Slovakia and Hungary in the 1440–1460s

The article examines the activities of the Czech knight Jan Iskra of Brandis in Slovakia and Hungary in the 1440–1460s. In the conditions of a sharp aggravation of the socio-political struggle, he managed to gain significant influence and assert power over most of the territory of modern Slovakia. The author reveals the reasons for the rise of Iskra, as well as the circumstances of the loss of his conquered positions after 1453.

Saratov – the City of Labor Valour

In the article, the editorial Board of the journal refers to a significant event in the life of the region of recent times – the awarding of the honorary title of «City of Labor Valour» to Saratov Saratov. The reasons for making such a decision by the President of the Russian Federation are considered. It shows the contribution of Saratov as one of the largest military-industrial centers of the country in ensuring victory in the Great Patriotic War and the most important facts of the labor feat of its residents.

H. Walpole’s “Historic Doubts” in his Characterization of Richard III

Статья посвящена анализу сочинения Х. Уолпола «Исторические сомнения относительно жизни и правления короля Ричарда Третьего». Предпринята попытка пересмотра и реабилитации английского короля Ричарда III. Историк-любитель, знаток политических тонкостей Х. Уолпол постарался установить связь между формированием образа Ричарда III и политической обстановкой, сложившейся в стране после его смерти. Работа Х.

The Religious Rebel Movements’ Phenomenon in Africa: the Holy Spirit Movement and the Lord’s Resistance Army

Religious factor is historically one of the main factors in the armed conflicts’ outbreak. This is especially pronounced in Africa, where the dogmas of world religions fancifully overlap with local traditional beliefs. In some cases, religious contradictions are at the root of conflicts, but much more often religious symbols are used to justify social and political demands.

The French Military Losses During the Wars of the First Empire

This article explores the irretrievable losses of the French army during the Napoleonic wars through analysis of the service records of soldiers stored in the French military archive (SHD, Vincennes, 20 YC). This source allows to estimate military losses much more accurately than individual reports, which help to sum up these losses. During the study, service records of the main part of the Napoleonic army, without guards and foreign regiments were reviewed. This is about 8,431 people.

The Role of Virginia in the Anticolonial Movement: Transition from the Colony to the State (1763–1776)

In this article the author studies the character of resistance of the colonial Virginia elite to the Acts of the British parliament which were passed after the end of the Seven Years’ War. The Virginians appeared to be the most united group among the colonial leaders.

Contribution of the Czech Typographer of the 16th Century Daniel Adam Veleslavin to the Dissemination of Historical Knowledge in the Czech Republic

This article deals with one aspect of publishing activities of the Czech typographer of the 16th century Daniel Adam Veleslavin, in particular his publication of translated works on history. The author analyzes this produce, and also reveals the role of the publications in cultural life of the Czech Republic of the 16th century.

Social and Economic Development of York in the First Third of the 16th Century

In the article the question of position of English country towns in the sphere of economy and social relations is considered. Based on materials of the documents of York processes which occurred in trade and city craft, occurrence of new modes of production and attempt of the city authorities to keep medieval privileges are traced.

London under the Tudors: Social Aspect (Based on the Wills)

The article is devoted to the study of the social aspect of the life of Tudor London. On the material of the wills the author shows that the majority of the testators are artisans, small traders and merchants of the «Twelve Great Livery Companies» of London. Also, there are representatives of the service sector, gentry and the emerging intelligentsia. Among the recipients of the inheritance numerous church institutions of the city are mentioned. Some wills belong to women: wives or widows of merchants and artisans.

The Teutonic Order’s Fight against the Archbishopric of Riga at the End of the XIII – the First Third of the XIV Century and Мythologization of the History of Foundation of the Order of the Brothers of the Sword

This article reveals the peculiarities of presenting the history of creation of the Order of the Brothers of the Sword in the oldest relic of Teutonic literary tradition – the Livonian Rhymed Chronicle. The article describes historical-political conditions prevailing in the early stages of peasant’s conquest of the South-East Baltics, mutual relations between the sword bearers and Livonian bishops.