World History

The Basic Components of Problem of German Minorities in Eastern Europe after the First World War

In the history of Eastern Europe during the Second World War the problem of German Minorities was of special importance, meanwhile the ideas of revisionism and irredentism were popular among them in the interwar years. In order to understand the nature of these phenomena this article presents an analysis of the claims of the Germans to the conditions of their life in the interwar Eastern Europe.

One Spain – Two Bonapartes: Different Approaches of Governance?

The author explores the problem of interaction between Napoleon and King Joseph in Spain on the basis of a wide range of published and unpublished sources such as memoirs, correspondence, reports. The article shows that Napoleon’s plan, whose goal was joining Spain to the Federal system was influenced by the growth of people’s movement that England helped and disappointment in the political course of the Spanish king. The studied sources allow to conclude that a clear division of brothers’ approaches on the line: reform and force is incorrect.

Horace Walpole about the History and Historians

The article is an attempt to analyze the English type of Enlightenment, using the historical views of H. Walpole, an 18th century English intellectual. Horace Walpole was a typical dilettante with wide interests. His views on history and historians, as well as his own historical works demonstrate many peculiarities of the “enlightenmental” approach to history.

On the Reasons of Wide Spread of the Magdeburg City Law in the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe

The article discusses the causes of the spread of the Magdeburg city law in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe in the 12th-18th centuries. It is concluded that at different stages of the historical development of some countries  and regions different factors which were determined by the peculiarities of their socio-economic and political systems were operating.

A New View of the World: «Byzantine Distortion» in «the Christian Topography» of Cosmas Indicopleustes

The article gives a detailed analysis of cosmological visions of Cosmas Indicopleustes, as reflected in his work «The Christian topography». In the context of the analysis of a new view of the world of Cosmas Indicopleustes the article reviews his visions about the shape of the Universe and the nature of flora and fauna of the countries that he had visited before he became a priest. The academic analysis of this article is based on the interpretation of «The Christian topography» that was carried over and also on the works of national and international researchers of the issue.

The Land Forces of Great Britain in the Middle of the 1930s: Problems of Modernization

Traditional views on the role of the army and difficult situation in the country in the 1920s and early 1930s largely contributed to stagnation of the British army. As a result, land forces did not meet the requirements of modern warfare. In response to changes in the European context, the Army General Staff developed a plan for “limited modernization,” but military issues remained in the shadow of Air Force and Navy.

The Problem of German Minority in the German-Yugoslavian Relations in 1920–1933

After ending of WWI the question about the position of national minorities in Europe became especially acute because of serious changes of the states’ borders. The article analyzes the problem of German minority in German-Yugoslavian relations of 1920–1933. Status of German population, its role in economical, political and cultural life SCS Kingdom (Yugoslavia) is examined. Special attention is devoted to defining Berlin’s and Belgrade’s positions about this problem and connection of these positions with strategic goals of the states.

«The Pamphlet War» and the Adoption of the Great Reform Act of 1832 in Great Britain

The Great reform Act (election law) of 1832 was one of the most significant internal political events in the United Kingdom of the 19th century. It initiated the group of serious transformations of the parliamentary system of the State. The article is based on the analysis of documentary sources (press and parliamentary debate). It shows the influence of British public opinion and the press on the process of the adoption of the parliamentary reform in 1830–1832. The struggle for reform showed the extreme polarization of political forces in the UK.

The Authority and Masonry in the Modern History: Confrontation or Union?

The article is devoted to the processes of interaction of regular Masonic Lodges and state institutions in the Modern History. The author emphasizes that the most active cooperation of power and Masonry developed at the turn of the 18th and the 19th centuries. Based on reading authentic sources and literature the author draws a conclusion about initial ab- sence of contradictions between the masons and the state.

Crime in London at the Beginning of the 14th Century

Some aspects of London`s criminality at the beginning of the XIV century are considered in this article based on the authentic material. The author reveals the factors which contributed to manifestation of crime as some kind of deviant behavior and presents classification of London`s crimes in 1305; the author also identifies social and professional composition of criminals and the types of punishments.