Guidelines for Authors

Guidelines for Authors


Guidelines for Authors

Manuscripts Review Procedure

License agreement


1. General Information 

1.1. The Journal «Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series: History. International Relations» is issued 4 times a year. The journal accepts for publication theoretical, methodological and argumentative articles, critical reviews and research results in Ancient history, history of Middle Ages, Modern and Contemporary history, National history, Regional history, Historiography, Source studies and Historical research methods, International relations and foreign policy. It also publishes reviews and annals.

1.2. The journal’s sections correspond to the Catalogue of scientific areas of academic degrees:

07.00.00 History and Archeology:

07.00.02 National History

07.00.03 World History (of the relevant period)

07.00.09 Historiography, source study and Historical research methods

07.00.15 History of international relations and foreign policy

1.3. Articles are mostly published in the Russian language, publications in English should be approved be the editorial committee.

1.4. The editorial board does not consider the articles that:

are only overview;

have been previously published;

have been accepted for publication by other journals.

сo-authoring papers (except when both authors are doctors of science).

1.5. Articles should not exceed 12 pages (single space) or contain more than 5 figures and 4 tables. The reviews cannot exceed 6 pages and up to 2 figures. Articles of a bigger volume are accepted only by agreement with the editorial board of the journal.

1.6. Articles should be carefully prepared and proofread.

1.7. Texts in MS Word for Windows can be directed Note that the file should strictly correspond with manuscript format guidelines (see 2.1).

1.8. All articles aimed at reviewing are tested for plagiarism. Verification is carried out by the editorial board in the text borrowing verification system "Руконтекст" and "Антиплагиат. Вуз".

1.9. Manuscripts are reviewed (see A Guide for Reviewing Manuscripts) upon which the editorial board makes the decision on the possibility of their publication. If the response is positive they are proofread and academically edited.

1.10. Manuscripts directed to their authors for revision should be sent back as quickly as possible. Manuscripts delayed for more than three months are regarded to be newly received.  Revised manuscripts should contain a letter from its author answering all questions and explaining all alterations. Revised manuscripts are not published directly, they are reviewed again.

1.11. The author of the article accepted for publication will receive the decision of the board and 2 copies of the license agreement . Both copies should be signed and sent to the following address: Astrakhanskaya ul., 83, 410012, Saratov, Russia, for L. N. Chernova. After signing the agreement by the university, one copy is returned to the author.

1.12. The date of receipt of the article is the date of receipt of its final version at the editorial committee.

1.13. There is no fee for the publication of manuscripts.

1.14. Editorial board address:

Saratov State University, Institute of History and International Relations, Astrakhanskaya St., 83, Saratov, 410012

● E-mail: – deputy editor-in-chief: Chernova Larisa Nikolaevna;

●E-mail: – responsible secretary: Rabinovich Yakov Nikolaevich.


2. Manuscript Requirements


2.1. Structure:

in Russian: UDC number, title, authors’ names, information about authors (academic degree , position and place of work, e-mail), abstract, keywords, text of the article, gratitudes and sources of funding (if applicable);

In English: manuscript title, author’s initials and surname, information about the authors (name, surname, ORCID, place of employment (organization, address), e-mail), abstract, keywords, acknowledgments, sources of funding (if applicable).

2.2. In a separate file: information about the article: UDC, the authors and the title (in Russian and English), information about the authors: name, surname and patronymic, e-mail, telephone (please give your cell phone or home phone number).

2.3. Abstract Requirements.

abstracts ideally should contain about 300–500 signs




УДК 9(410.III) «13/15»





Л. Н. Чернова


Чернова Лариса Николаевна, доктор исторических наук, заведующий кафедрой всеобщей истории, Саратовский национальный исследовательский государственный университет имени Н. Г. Чернышевского,


На основании документальных источников (картуляриев, завещаний купцов) в статье анализируются некоторые аспекты, связанные с внегородской недвижимостью лондонских купцов-олдерменов, или «городских джентри». Их изучение позволяет проследить ряд способов и механизмов приобретения купцами земли и другой недвижимости в графствах Англии, выявить условия владения и причины, побуждавшие купечество Лондона вкладывать средства в сферу землевладения.

Обращение к источникам позволяет говорить о том, что поземельные интересы лондонских олдерменов охватывали разные, даже самые отдаленные (вплоть до Йоркшира), графства. Но наибольший интерес для них представляли графства, которые традиционно «кормили» Лондон – Кент, Миддлсекс, Эссекс, Суррей, Кембриджшир, Хартфоршир, Нортхемптоншир и др. Преимущественно здесь предпочитали иметь земли многие олдермены.

При этом отдельные купцы Лондона владели внегородской недвижимостью на правах феода (feud). Большинство же арендовали (to lease) земельные участки и другую недвижимость в графствах. Распространению арендных отношений с середины XIV в. способствовал комплекс причин: упадок домениального хозяйства в связи с низкой производительностью барщинного труда, нехваткой рабочей силы вследствие эпидемии чумы, слабой приспособленностью к условиям рынка, а также ослабление в результате коммутации ренты хозяйственных связей между держаниями крестьян (вилланов) и доменом. Значительная часть олдерменов конца 1340-х гг. – второй половины XIV в. земли покупала и, соответственно, владела ими на правах собственности.

Ключевые слова: Лондон, Англия, купечество XIV века, олдермены, «городские джентри», землевладение, феод, аренда, собственность.



Property rights in the merchant society of London

in the late 1340s – the second half of the XIV century


L. N. Chernova


Larisa N. Chernova, ORCID 0000-0002-1825-097Х, Saratov State University, 83, Astrakhanskaya str., Saratov, 410012, Russia,


On the basis of historical accounts (Cartularies, merchants’ wills) the article analyses some aspects connected with suburban property of the Aldermen of London, or “urban gentry”. This analysis allows to trace a number of ways and mechanisms to buy land and property in English counties used by the merchants, to find out the conditions of land ownership and the reasons which made the London merchants invest in this sphere.

Study of sources makes it possible to conclude that the land interests of the Aldermen of London extended to different, even the most distant counties (including Yorkshire). Still, their main interest lay with the counties which traditionally “fed” London – Kent, Middlesex, Essex, Surrey, Cambridgeshire, Hertfordshire, Northamptonshire and others. It was there most Aldermen preferred to have property.

Meanwhile, some London merchants owned suburban property by the right of feud. Some leased land and other property in the counties. The development of lease relationships since the mid-XIV century was caused by a number of reasons: the decline of the demesnial economy due to the low productiveness of corvee labor, lack of manpower due to the epidemics of plague, maladjustment to the market and weakening of economic ties between the peasants’ (villeins) holdings and the signory as a result of rent commutation. In the end of the 1340s-the second half of the XIV century a significant part of the Aldermen bought land and owned it as property.

Key words: London, England, merchants of the XIV century, aldermen, «urban gentry», land ownership, feud, lease, property.



2.6. All pages of manuscripts including tables, figures and references should be numbered.

2.7. Tables should each be presented in a separate file and printed on a separate page (A4 size). Multipage tables should be avoided (data is preferably to be distributed among several tables). Each table should be numbered in Arabic numerals, have an explanatory title. Column subheadings should be short and factual. Measurement units are given after a comma.  

2.8. Figures should each be presented in a separate file. Figures should clearly display all their parts and details. Figure legends are in Russian with measurement units given after a comma. Legends should be self-contained. Additional information in figures should be explained  after the legend. Backside of a page with a printed figure should contain its number, author’s name and information about top/bottom of the page  (if necessary).

2.9. Diagrams should be created using capabilities of MS Word. It will facilitate any changes (if necessary). Authors can also use Corel Draw, Adobe Illustrator. Raster diagrams or those created with the help of MS Excel can not be accepted by the editorial committee. All diagrams should be black and white. Graduation should be made by different shading.

2.10. Figures should be provided in the following formats: LineArt (raster) – TIFF 600 – 1200 dpi (LZW compression), Grey (photo) – JPEG 300 – 600 dpi (compression level 8 – 10). Vector figures should be provided in EPS, AI and CDR formats. However, specialized fillings and fonts should not be used. Figures created in any text editor are not accepted. File names of figures should be in the Latin alphabet, contain the name of the first author and corresponding number of the figure in the manuscript (e.g. 01ivanov.tif, 02ivanov.jpeg).

2.11. Figure and table legends are written in the text of the manuscript.  

Tone photos should be of high quality and printed on white paper, copies are not accepted.

2.12. All measurements should be in correspondence with the International System of Units (SI).

2.13. Reference list should correspond to GOST 7.1-76 «Bibliographical description of printed works». References are each numbered, ordered sequentially as they appear in the text. 

2.14. Poorly formatted manuscripts are not registered in the editorial office and returned to authors without consideration.





Керсновский А. А. История русской армии: в 4 т. М., 1999. Т. 1. С. 121.

Демонология эпохи Возрождения (XVI–XVII вв.) / пер. с англ., лат., нем., фр.; общ. ред. М. А. Тимофеева. М., 1995. С. 317–409.

Mary R. L. La Franc-Maconnerie dans le monde. P., 1993. Р. 60.


Articles in a Journal:

Заварзин Г. А. Сергей Николаевич Виноградский в эмиграции // Российская научная эмиграция: Двадцать портретов / под ред. акад. Г. М. Бонгард-Левина и В. Е. Захарова. М., 2001. С. 205–221.

Horrox R. E. The urban gentry in the fifteenth century // Towns and townspeople in the fifteenth century / ed. by J. A. Thomson. Gloucester, 1988. P. 22.


Articles in a Magazine or Periodical:

Славин И. Я. Минувшее-пережитое // Волга. 1999. № 8. С. 151.

Stevenson L. G. Science dawn the Drain // Bulletin of the History of Medicine. 1955. Vol. 29. P. 1–26.

Дети в голодных местах (От нашего саратовского корр-та) // Правда. 1924. 17 февр.

Ivry S. Did an Expose Help Sink Harvard’s President? // The New York Times. 2006. Feb. 27.


Electronic Sources (Web Publications):

Декларация о формирование ЕЭП. URL: (дата обращения: 15.11.2016).

Seven E. Sarkozy gittiği her yerde bizi görecek // Yeni Şafak. 2009. Nov. 24. URL: (дата обращения: 21.05.2017).


Dissertation Abstracts or Dissertations:

Манова Е. Н. Общественная и культурно-просветительская деятельность М.Н. Чернышевского: автореф. дис. …канд. ист. наук / Сарат. гос. ун-т. Саратов, 2008. С. 15.

Шейнберг Д. Ф. Представления о человеке в церковно-аскетической литературе XII-XIII вв. и городское общество (на материалах Италии): дис. …канд. ист. наук / Сарат. гос. ун-т. Саратов, 2002.

Чернова Л. Н. Правящая элита Лондона XIV–XVI веков (олдермены в политической, экономической и социальной жизни города): дис. ...докт. ист. наук / Сарат. гос. ун-т. Саратов, 2006. С. 320.