Izvestiya of Saratov University.

History. International Relations

ISSN 1819-4907 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1913 (Online)


For citation:

Kudryakov V. V. Affinity in the XIV–XV Centuries: Means of Formation and Social Functions. Izvestiya of Saratov University. History. International Relations, 2012, vol. 12, iss. 3, pp. 14-19. DOI: 10.18500/1819-4907-2012-12-3-14-19

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Language: 
Russian
Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
94(410) “1066/1485”

Affinity in the XIV–XV Centuries: Means of Formation and Social Functions

Autors: 
Kudryakov Vasily Valerievich, Moscow Pedagogical State University
Abstract: 

Evolution of feudal system on the verge of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries entailed а decline of military service based on former tenurial bonds and its substitution by the system of contracted obligations which facilitated development of the institution of affinity. These communities forming around magnates executed not only military functions but became the centers of social, political and administrative activity. They defended interests of their members and promoted matrimonial and economic links among them. Prosperous affinities gained control over local executive and judicial power as well as elections to the House of Commons. However, their struggle for dominance contributed to a considerable extent to instability of political development in England in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.

Reference: 
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Received: 
18.06.2012
Accepted: 
13.08.2012
Published: 
30.09.2022