World History and International Relations

Early Reviews of Travel Literature on the Pages of the Edinburgh Review: Images of the East

The author of this article studies the images of the East in the reviews of the travel literature in the first edition of the British periodical the Edinburgh Review, which was published in 1802. Particular attention is paid to the image of Turkey in the review of the work by G. A. Olivier “Travel in the Ottoman Empire, Egypt, and Persia, undertaken by order of the Government of France, during the first six years of the Republic” (1801).

Italian Impressions of H. Walpole

The article is devoted to the analysis of events concerning the Italian Tour undertaken by H. Walpole in 1739-1741. Young English aristocrats set off for a Grand Tour to the continent to complete their education. Horace Walpole was a representative of the mid-18th century English culture. He was active in many fields, but the article focuses on the impact of the everyday Italian culture on the views of young Walpole

Spanish Women’s Manual of the 16th Century

The article deals with the Women’s Manual published in the 16th century in Spain. The Manual contains 145 recipes. The author of the article thinks that this receptary was intended for rich Spanish women and helped them to become proficient in the basics of cosmetology and medicine.

The Baron and the Thieves: Lord Thomas Dacre and the Inhabitants of Tynedale and Riddesdale (1511–1525)

This paper is dedicated to the Anglo-Scottish border in the 1st quarter of the 16th century. Based on the materials of the politics of the baron Dacre, the General Warden of the Marches, the author demonstrates peculiarities of the relations between the Crown, the nobility and local gentry.

The Struggle of the «Old» and «New» Patricians in London in the Last Quarter of the 14th Century

The article is devoted to the struggle of the «old» and «new» patricians in London at the end of the 14thcentury. At that time the guild masters, led by the traders of textile goods, opposed the oligarchic merchant regime ofvictualing guilds. In 1381‑1383 the democratic opposition gained the upper hand, and their leader –a draper John Northampton ‑ became mayor of the capital. He organized socio-economic and political reforms in the interests of wide layers of the population.

Two Stages of Mining in Medieval Czech: the Jihlava and the Kutna Hora

The mining of medieval Bohemia is an important page in the history of this country. Mining has generated a new proceedings in the economy, social relations, had a significant impact on the political development, the development of culture and art.

Two Versions of the Tale about Cyrus' the Great Childhood (Herod., I.107–122; Xen. Cyr., I.3–I.4.3)

The article is devoted to two versions of the tale about Cyrus' the Great childhood. The author compares Herodotus' and Xenophon's versions of the tale. The main event of Herodotus' version is a game, basilinda which has a sacral sense. Xenophon's version has six main events and the third event namely the conversation between Cyrus and his mother Mandane is a culmination of the tale. It is necessary to note the epics' influence on Xenophon's version, which becomes apparent in the attitude to the problem of truth and time in the tale.

Complex of Ceramic Stamps from a Well under Oven 9 of Chersonesos’ Potteries

The article examines the complex of 35 ceramic stamps found in the well under the pottery kiln. Previously it was assumed that the filling of the well and the beginning of the ceramic industry in Chersonesos are synchronous. However, the author came to the conclusion that these squeezes have no relation to the workshop, and the well was filled either at the end of the 60s, or in early 50s of the 4th century BC, i.e. long before the appearance on this place of Chersonesos’ "Ceramics".

Tourism as an instrument of public diplomacy

This article is devoted to issues of diplomatic development. The author marks the increasing role and value of public diplomacy in solution of global problems. Tourism takes up the special position among the main instruments of public diplomacy. It humanizes international relations and consolidates the image of the state. 

The Personal Diplomacy factor in American-Russian relationships during 2001–2008: George W. Bush Vs V. V Putin

The article enlightens the most important summits between George W. Bush and V. V. Putin during 2001-2008 years. The effectiveness grade of the personal diplomacy tactics, used by the American President as a means of American-Russian relationships’ regulation, is given based on the analysis results and expert opinions