World History and International Relations

THE BACON’S METAPHYSICAL HISTORISM

The bacon’s interpretation of the Six Days of Creation myth is considered in this article. It shows the limitation of the knowledge- based progress idea. The bacon’s interpretation testifies that it is on«the fourth day» when the abstract reason framework is completed.«The fifth day» brings humans back to the aesthetic world perceptionwhile «the sixth day» unfolds the secret of human race destiny inhistorical experience. According to this principle universal history ofSpirit was developed by bacon adherents.

ÆLFRIC’S HOMILY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT «ESTHER» IN THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF LATE SAXON ENGLAND

The article focuses on the Old Testament book of Esther and various aspects of its cultural adaptation in the homiletic writings of abbot Ælfric of Eynshem. Considering Ælfric’s homily on «Esther» the author examines early English Сhurch’s ideas of exemplary queenship, and concludes that in his retelling of the biblical plot Ælfric attempted to find a solution to crucial political issues of his time. he called his compatriots for prayer and Christian faith – the virtues he regarded as major weapons for defending England against heathens

THE AGRARIAN LAW OF GAIUS SEMPRONIUS GRACCHUS IN NARRATIVE AND EPIGRAPHIC EVIDENCE

This article considers the ancient evidence for agrarian law of Gaius Sempronius Gracchus. On the basis of re-examination of our literary and epigraphic sources author criticizes the view that this law was identical to the lex Sempronia agraria of 133 bC. he tries to define the categories of public land, which was distributed among Roman citizens during the agrarian reform of 123–122 bC.

REMARKS ABOUT SEPARATLY PROBLEMS OF THE HISTORICAL SCIENCE

The author indicate the principal problems of the modern historic science: problems of research of the traditional epochs, the general ideas, conceptions, the place of Marxism in historic methodology and etc

The «Trouble Spot» of the Andean Region: Colombia and Venezuela at the Beginning of the XXI-st Century

The article considers the reasons of modern Colombia-Venezuela tension. The special attention of the author is focused on the position and the role of the United States in the development of the conflict situation

Ahmet Davutoglu’s conception of Turkish foreign policy

The article focuses on the issue of change of Turkish Republic’s foreign policy line under the influence of Ahmet Davutoglu’s conception. It examines the reasons which had led Turkey to the necessity of foreign policy priorities’ change and prospects of formation of Turkey as regional power. It also presents the principles that form the basis of new foreign policy line and objectives of Turkish foreign policy for the next decade

Perspectives of the ‘New Silk Road’ Strategy in the context of NATO withdrawal from Afghanistan

The article focused on the issue of implementation of the ‘New Silk Road’ strategy. Author analyses the key conditions, risks and opportunities, which may affect the success of the Project. It also examined the role of Central Asian countries, as well as the Mid Eastern partners, China and Russia in the field strengthening of regional security after 2014

Е. Burke and C. Macaulay`s viewpoints on the evaluation of French revolution

This article describesand analyzes thedebates for problem of the French Revolution betweentwo greatEnglishwriters of  XVIIIcentury,Edmund Burkeand CatharineMacaulay

«Highland Dress as a sort of Military Dress»: administrative ethnography of the «The Highland Problem» of Great Britain in 1689–1759

The article analyses the views of the British officials responsible for the appeasement of the Scottish Highlands in time of Jacobite rebellions and conspiracy (1689–1759) on the Highlanders. Especially material concerns with the representation, interpretation and the use of the ethnographic information about them in the appeasement of the Highlands. The rhetoric strategies of that «inventive» and «imaginative» discourse of the British officials’ narratives and its strategic political and military aims, role and issues are also the subjects of this analysis. 

Attitude towards children in the English factories in the first half of the XIX century (based on reports and memories of contemporaries)

In this article author tries to review and set on the basis of reports of parliamentary committees and workers memories, what was the attitude towards children working in the industry in England the first half of the XIX century. The author comes to the conclusion that the children were corporeal punished. In one case, they stimulate the work of children in the other - carrying a sadistic character, brought pleasure to those who struck the victim.

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