Regional History and Local Studies

Kalmaks of Desht-i-Kipchak (to the problem tyurkization and the islamiza-tion of mongolians in the gold horde)

It is now believed that the name «Kalmyks» was concerned with Oyrats who came to the territory of Kazakhstan in the early 17th century. Russian and Western European documents write about Kalmaks since the fifteenth century. New data show that in Russia they knew about Kalmaks from personal contacts with them. The name “Kalmak” existed and was often used in Russia in the XVI century. West European travellers and geographers Jenkinson (1558), A.Vid (1537), S. Gerbersteen (1526), M. Mekhovskiy (1521), Fra-Mauro (1459), A. Contarini (1475) etc.

Changes in the structure of the population of the Saratov Volga region during the Great World War (1941–1945)

In article there are considered quantitative and qualitative changes in the structure of the population of the Saratov Volga region in 1941–1945 years. They were caused by the migration processes (military and labor mobilization, deportation of Germans, evacuation, resettlement), and factors of natural movement.

The Manuscript Heritage by the Bishop of Saratov and Tsaritsin Eparchy Jacob (Vecherkov) in the Russian Archives

The article gives the review of the manuscript heritage by the bishop of the Saratov and Tsaritsin eparchy Jacob (Vecherkov) which are kept in some Russian central and regional archives. The criticism of his scientific works and letters is undertaken. The future of investigations of his heritage, church, social and scientific activities is demonstrated. 

Claass Epp’s Mennonite Migration Activities in Saratov Wolga Region (1850–1854)

The article deals with the history of Mennonite migration in Saratov Wolga Region through the prism of Claass Epp’s activities. The article bases on archival documents and historical sources of personal origin – diaries, letters, memoirs and etc.

Economic development of german Сolonies on the Volga river in the second half of the 18th – the first half of the 19th centuries

This article deals with the first stages of formation of German colonies on the Volga river in the second half of the 18th – the first half of the 19th centuries. The colonization policy of the government consisted of the whole system of well-thought means and decrees that tended to spread on all sides of internal life of colonists. After the first hard years of emerging German colonies and up to the middle of the 19th century thanks to undivided supervision of economic development of the region it became possible to solve the problem of colonization of the region.

Saratov voivode the prince Ivan the Big Fedorovich Shahovskoy (1637-1639)

The article describes the unknown pages of the left bank of Saratov connected with voivode’s the Big Ivan Fedorovich Shahovskoy staying in the city, and Holstein embassy, whose secretary was Adam Oleary. These ambassadors returned from Persia to Moscow in 1638 through Astrakhan and Saratov.

First is a detailed biography of prince Ivan Shahovskoy who was voivode in many cities in Russia (Tsarevosanchursk, Ryl'sk, Tomsk, Saratov and Nizhny Novgorod).

The story of one evacuation: orphanage №1 for Spanish kids in the village Kukkus

The article is based on the unknown documents and memoirs considers the evacuation of the orphanage № 1 for Spanish kids to the village Kukkus (now – Village Privolgskoe of Rovensky district of  Saratov region). The author is analyzing  the work of the administration of the orphanage. The article examines the difficulties  that the kids  and the staff faced at the new place during the war. The article mostly focuses on the problem what was done to improve living conditions of the kids. 

The Dynamics of Social and Class Structure of University Students in Saratov during 1920s

The article devoted to the dynamics of change in the social class of university students in Saratov during 1920s. The author analyzes the connection between changes in the social structure and government resolutions

Garrison units of Kazan military district in fight for Soviet ascention to power

Article focused on participation of military units from Kazan-region  military reserve, deployed for protection of Soviet power in the Volga and Ural regions

Cultural Innovation among Saratov Province Merchants in late XVIII - first half of the XIX century

Late XVIII and early XIX centuries saw the attraction to cultural innovations among Russian merchants manifested in the fact that wealthy merchants sought to join the westernized culture of the nobility. Of all the cities of Saratov province of that period only Volsk merchants could acquire some aspects of aristocratic culture due to their wealth.