Russian History

THE ECONOMIC ACTIVITY OF FRENCH SETTLERS ON THE SOUTH-WEST OF RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE END OF XVIII – THE FIRST HALF OF XIX CENTURY (ACCORDING OF MATERIALS OF STATE ARCHIVES OF UKRAINE)

In the article is analyzed the documents of the State Archives of Kher- son and Odessa Oblasts. This enables to concretize the influence of French migrants on the economic development of Novorossiyskiy region in this period. Author writes about main sectors of economic activity of foreigners on the south-west of Russian empire in the end of XVIII – the first half of XIX centuries. 

THE DIPLOMATIC AIM OF THE GREAT EMBASSY 1697–1698/99

The article deals with the real diplomatic aims of the Great embassy (Velikoe posol’stvo, VP) which were not fully disclosed in the official documents and remained a mystery. We could identify the goals that the «core of the VP» sought to achieve, on the one hand, and the objectives of the pantlers who travelled to the south and the lord steward, B. P. Sheremetev, on the other. It has become evident that the presence of the VP as an observer on the Rijswik Congress was not a random event. We show what was the result of this action for Russia.

THE STATE OF USSR NAVY AVIATION BEFORE THE BEGINNING OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

The article is devoted to Navy aviation before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. The particular attention in the material is paid to the air forces of the baltic Fleet

COMMANDER IN CHIEF M. A. MURAVIEV AND CREATION THE EAST FRONT (JUNE – JULY 1918)

This article is devoted to the problems of organization activities of first commander of chief of west front civil war M. A. Muraviev to creation a regular army forces.

SOVIET POWER AND CHSNS BEFORE THE REBELLION OF THE CZECHOSLOVAK CORPS (MARCH–MAY 1918)

The author considers the problem of the relationship between the command of the Czechoslovak Corps and the Soviet authorities on the delivery of weapons, skipping echelons in beijing on the eve of the rebellion of the Czechoslovak Corps. We study the formation, operation mechanism of the system, the basic contradictions that arise in the course of its activities and attempts to resolve them, undertaken between March and May 1918

ON THE ESTABLISHMENT REPRESENTATIVE BODIES OF THE POWER OF IMPERIAL RUSSIA: THE FIRST PHASE OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CYCLE (DECEMBER, 1904 – AUGUST, 1905)

In article attempt of research of a problem of an institutionalizing of representative bodies of the Russian Empire in the course of democratic transformation of a society at the beginning XX-th century in a context of a paradigm of the constitutional cycles

UNKNOWN CORRESPONDENT KNOWN WAR (WAR CORRESPONDENT BOOK. L. SHAKHOVSKOY ON THE BALKAN FRONT, THE RUSSIANTURKISH WAR OF 1877–1878)

The article deals with the correspondence book. LV Shakhovsky, who, during the Russian-Turkish war was the representative of the newspaper «Moscow News». Understand the views of the causes and memoirist course of the Russian-Turkish war of 1877–1878. Just drawing historical parallels between Russia and the balkans. 

REMINISCENCES OF NEO-POPULISTS AS A HISTORICAL SOURCE

In the article we study the reminiscences left by the leaders and most prominent members of neo-populist parties, such as V. M. Chernov,b. V. Savinkov, A. V. Peshekhonov, E. k. breshko-breshkovskaya,G. V. Greshuni, V. M. Zenzinov. The research of private sources isimportant for deeper and more profound understanding of historicalevents and processes.

ANTISTASOV: СONSTRUCTION ОF ADVERSARY’S IMAGE IN THE «NOVOE VREMYA»

This article is devoted to the analysis of the image of Stasov, outstanding Russian art critic, from the direction of his enemies in the newspaper «Novoe Vremya» («New Time»). There is distinguished the polemics, which is developed in the national periodical press as regards the productions ofV. V. Vereshchagin, I. Ye. Repine, M. M. Antocolsky and «The New Russian School» leaders. This productions, presented by Stasov as picture of «the Russian direction», were roughly criticized by the «Novoe Vremya».

Reforming of the country's agricultural sector at the end of XX century

The article analyzes the process of reforming of the country's agriculture at the end of XX century on the basis of regulatory documents, statistics and periodicals. We study the order of the reorganization of collective and state farms, creation of conditions for the formation of peasant (farmer), joint stock companies, co-operative farms.. The conclusion is that the agrarian policy of the state is not drawn on the experience of doing the farm. The reforms were not prepared and carried out in a short time by incompetent people.

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